Meaning of pyelonephritis in English:


Pronunciation /ˌpʌɪələʊnɪˈfrʌɪtɪs/


mass nounMedicine
  • Inflammation of the kidney as a result of bacterial infection.

    ‘Systemic maternal febrile infections such as pyelonephritis have been associated with preterm delivery.’
    • ‘Because of hematuria, bacteriuria and pyuria, Susan had been treated for a urinary tract infection with possible pyelonephritis.’
    • ‘White blood cell casts are usually indicative of a renal inflammatory process such as pyelonephritis.’
    • ‘Parenteral treatment of pyelonephritis should be continued until the patient becomes afebrile.’
    • ‘High fever with chills is typical of pyelonephritis and pneumonia.’


Mid 19th century from Greek puelos ‘trough, basin’ + nephritis.