Meaning of sternocleidomastoid in English:

sternocleidomastoid

(also sternocleidomastoid muscle)

Pronunciation /ˌstəːnə(ʊ)ˌklʌɪdə(ʊ)ˈmastɔɪd/

noun

Anatomy
  • Each of a pair of long muscles which connect the sternum, clavicle, and mastoid process of the temporal bone and serve to turn and nod the neck.

    ‘Often, the muscles used to maintain body posture are affected, namely the muscles in the neck, shoulders, and pelvic girdle, including the upper trapezius, scalene, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae, and quadratus lumborum.’
    • ‘There are thirty-two segments devoted to a particular muscle, such as temporalis, masseter, sternocleidomastoid, biceps brachii and so on.’
    • ‘The submandibular glands are located within a triangle bounded by the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the posterior belly of the digastric muscle, and the body of the mandible.’
    • ‘Another fascicle, usually arising behind the clavicular head of the sternocleidomastoid, may extend in various directions upwards toward the head.’
    • ‘The descendens hypoglossi occasionally sends a branch to the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid muscle.’