Meaning of stromatolite in English:

stromatolite

Pronunciation /strə(ʊ)ˈmatəlʌɪt/

noun

  • A calcareous mound built up of layers of lime-secreting cyanobacteria and trapped sediment, found in Precambrian rocks as the earliest known fossils, and still being formed in lagoons in Australasia.

    ‘The formation has yielded numerous fossils of stromatolites in addition to microfossils.’
    • ‘Fossilized cyanobacterial mounds are called stromatolites.’
    • ‘At first sight, the Shark Bay stromatolites look like rocks lying in an orderly fashion in the intertidal zone.’
    • ‘They may be calcareous sponges, cyanobacteria, or stromatolites.’
    • ‘The oldest known fossils are the 3.5-billion-year-old stromatolites discovered in western Australia in 1980.’

Origin

1930s from modern Latin stroma, stromat- ‘layer, covering’ + -lite.