Meaning of Zionism in English:


Pronunciation /ˈzʌɪənɪz(ə)m/

Translate Zionism into Spanish


mass noun
  • 1A movement for (originally) the re-establishment and (now) the development and protection of a Jewish nation in what is now Israel. It was established as a political organization in 1897 under Theodor Herzl, and was later led by Chaim Weizmann.

    ‘Religious, cultural, and political differences, including Zionism, divided Jewish immigrants, old and new, into numerous conflicting camps.’
    • ‘The pamphlet details the history of Zionism, the political movement for a Jewish homeland.’
    • ‘We diverged politically and personally as time went on, especially on issues of Jewish identity and Zionism / Israel, but remained in permanent dialogue.’
    • ‘However, my father was a follower of Jabotinsky, the founder of the version of Zionism that rules Israel today.’
    • ‘This is why some heavily orthodox Jewish groups oppose Zionism as it exists today.’
    • ‘Jewish immigrants, inspired by Zionism and escaping from anti-Semitism, came in increasing numbers, mainly from Eastern Europe.’
    • ‘It played a significant role in the creation of modern political Zionism, despite the officially secular nature of the movement.’
    • ‘Until then, far larger numbers of European Jews looked to socialism than to Zionism as the means for achieving equality.’
    • ‘You made what you view as a distinction between Israeli people, Jewish people and Zionism.’
    • ‘Theodore Herzl conceived the idea of modern political Zionism while covering the ‘Affair’ for the Vienna Neue Freie Presse.’
  • 2(in southern Africa) a religious movement represented by a group of independent Churches which practise a form of Christianity incorporating elements of traditional African beliefs.

    • ‘In Zionism, African ‘prophets’ combined aspects of traditional African and Christian religious ritual, belief, and social organization.’
    1. 2.1The beliefs and practices of the African Zionist movement.


Late 19th century from Zion + -ism, apparently after German Zionismus.