Meaning of Acadian in English:


Pronunciation /əˈkeɪdɪən/


mainly historical
  • Relating to the former French colony of Acadia in eastern Canada.

    ‘Louisiana became English-speaking, and Acadian culture was reduced to a distinctive and now fashionable cuisine known as ‘Cajun cooking’.’
    • ‘‘It was an emotional day,’ said Hamm, who attended on behalf of the provincial government but said he's also a fan of Acadian music.’
    • ‘Unlike most other Acadian communities across the province, young people in Larry's River, who attend elementary school down the shore in New Harbour and are bused to Guysborough for the higher grades, receive their education in English.’
    • ‘Two World Acadian Congresses in the 1990s helped very much to foster Acadian pride.’
    • ‘A group of citizens concerned about the erosion of Acadian culture in the Cheticamp area formed a non-profit co-op in 1992 to raise funds for a community-based radio station.’
    • ‘Cercle Moliere has also brought in three or four shows from Acadian theatre companies, including the very political Pour une fois which tells the history of Acadia.’
    • ‘Martin's visit Sunday will bring to a close two weeks of celebrations honouring Acadian culture that drew thousands from around the world to Atlantic Canada.’
    • ‘‘It's kind of hard to pinpoint what Acadian music is,’ explains Bergeron.’
    • ‘The continued life of Acadian culture, now largely based in New Brunswick but reaching as far as its diaspora travels, is a testament to the show's message.’
    • ‘Although the Mi'kmaq camped in the area in summer for hundreds of years, today the people of this area are predominantly of Acadian ancestry.’
    • ‘The 23 participants enjoyed traditional Acadian cuisine and entertainment.’
    • ‘Like other Acadian singers Arsenault met, she and her family also sang English songs, French songs of literary origin, and locally-composed songs.’
    • ‘As if to atone, Winslow brought two Acadian families back to Marshfield, where the town temporarily fed and housed them in the school.’
    • ‘Despite British attempts to impose its language and culture, Acadian culture persisted.’
    • ‘She herself has strong French-Canadian connections - as well as Acadian and Native (Haché) heritage.’
    • ‘That attitude is very pervasive here in the Acadian culture-there's a kind of common cultural attitude that produces something quite good, but negative too.’
    • ‘Or discover the meaning of our famous Acadian joie de vivre (joy of life) as you sing along to the dinner theater at the Village Historique Acadien!’
    • ‘I'm proud of my French heritage and I started to discover my Acadian roots later in life, I guess.’
    • ‘Kadlec's twin compositions focus overwhelmingly on the mid-eighteenth-century Acadian landscape itself, executed in a style reminiscent of a Dutch master.’
    • ‘Faragher writes that by the beginning of the 18th century Acadian ties with France had become tenuous at best and that the Acadians had come to think of themselves as a separate people.’


mainly historical
  • 1A native or inhabitant of Acadia.

    ‘France retained only its fishing rights on the northern coast of Newfoundland and the islands of St-Pierre and Miquelon, where inhabitants from Louisbourg and Acadians resettled.’
    • ‘The Acadians were the French-speaking inhabitants of what are today the Atlantic seaboard provinces of Canada.’
    • ‘To dominate the region militarily, culturally, and agriculturally without interference, the British expelled the Acadians, dispersing them to colonies such as Georgia and South Carolina.’
    • ‘The Spanish government granted the Acadians the uninhabited land around the Atchafalaya where, in time, they learnt to harvest the natural bounty of the swamps and marshes growing rice and raising cattle on the prairies.’
    • ‘Faragher argues that the evidence is overwhelming that the Acadians posed no threat to British rule and that their expulsion was motivated more by greed and religious prejudice than any security threat.’
    • ‘Many Acadians fled thither after the dispersion of Grand Pré and the fall of Louisbourg.’
    • ‘Beginning in 1755, several thousand Acadians were forced to disperse, spreading out from New England south to the Caribbean and east to England and France.’
    • ‘There was violent resistance to the work by the French-speaking Roman Catholic community, but a church was planted among the Acadians in Moncton.’
    • ‘It was once known as the home of the Acadians, and Longfellow immortalized the British expulsion of the French in ‘Evangeline.’’
    • ‘There is an Acadian tradition that Phillips gave the Acadians an oral promise that they would never be conscripted to fight against the French, and probably he did give them some assurances, though he reported no such promise to London.’
    • ‘When the Acadians asked for ships to transport them there, the British commander on the ground pointed out that a year had already passed, and the question of their departure had to be referred to Queen Anne.’
    • ‘The historian George Bancroft, who wrote an essay on the Acadians himself, was starting his ten-volume History of the United States.’
    • ‘Before winter, the colonial militia that had captured Fort Beausejour would return home and Lawrence would be left with 250 redcoats to control 13,000 Acadians.’
    • ‘The news release from the University of Louisiana library proclaimed that the Winslow letter proved the ‘redcoats’ had shot Acadians in the course of the expulsion.’
    • ‘It seems that Winslow actually did tell the Acadians that day in the Church of Saint-Charles, that he had orders from King George II.’
    • ‘Over the course of the festival, 250,000 people descended from those early Acadians are expected to participate in 1,200 events around Nova Scotia.’
    • ‘These early Acadians boasted names now commonplace in Nova Scotia, such as Blanchard, Comeau, LeBlanc, Belliveau, and Pettipas.’
    • ‘The British in the eighteenth century, moreover, expelled the French Acadians from Nova Scotia, and seeded the area with Loyalists shipped down east from Massachusetts.’
    • ‘In the 18th century many Irish soldiers deserted and joined the French in Canada, and the French-speaking Acadians were then exiled from Canada and ended up in Louisiana.’
    • ‘He had just rebuffed a proposal from the French ambassador to relocate the Acadians to French territory, saying he did not want to lose useful subjects.’
    • ‘This seemed logical because of Britain's traditional suspicion of the French in North America: in 1755 French-speaking Acadians had been expelled from the new British colony of Nova Scotia.’
    • ‘France did not recognize the oath and continued to regard the Acadians as French subjects, and Acadian relations with the Mi'kmaqs remained friendly.’
    • ‘Ironically it was the French who put strong pressure on the Acadians to relocate to French territory.’
    • ‘Thanks to the bond of brotherhood and self-sacrifice, many Acadians survived the atrocities inflicted by Governor Lawrence of Nova Scotia in 1755.’
    • ‘When the Expulsion came in 1755, the Acadians around Tatamagouche were the first to be deported, and the village was destroyed.’
    • ‘Both works covered much ground lost in the rather shrill media reportage o n the subject, particularly the long, peaceful and very productive relationship between the Acadians and the Mi'kmaq that reaches back to 1604.’
    • ‘None the less, there is a long tradition of visually depicting the world of the Acadians before 1755 as a rural paradise.’
    1. 1.1mainly Canadian A French-speaking descendant of the early French settlers in Acadia.
      ‘Doucet served as Nova Scotia's education minister and as provincial secretary in the late 1960s and early 1970s - the first Acadian to hold a titled cabinet portfolio.’
      • ‘The French language has always had a presence among the Acadians of the Pubnico area, but the area is also very bilingual.’
      • ‘The French-speaking Acadians, however, held onto their own culture.’
      • ‘The highlands of Cape Breton, Coady's homeland, are peopled with a mixture of Acadians, of French background, and Scots.’
      • ‘What I really refer to is white, anglophone Maritime culture, although I must acknowledge the added richness brought by the cultures of the Mi'Kmaq, Acadians, Blacks, and others to the broader Maritime culture.’
      • ‘Reviewers of the materials reflected the diversity of our communities and included women living on low income, First Nations, African-Canadians, Acadians, and newcomers to the region.’
      • ‘The rights of minority francophones and Acadians do not exist because of Qubec.’
      • ‘But I am a Maritimer and I know a lot of Acadians, so the culture is not that far from me.’
      • ‘Cheticamp is made up almost entirely of Acadians, though about 25 percent of the population along this whole stretch of coast are anglophone.’
      • ‘Interestingly, this definition of ‘Canadian’ excluded those from the provinces of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia, as well as French Canadians and Acadians.’
      • ‘North and east of this line, all is rouge, with the Acadians voting ‘almost en bloc for one political party, the Liberals’.’
      • ‘The Acadians speak a distinctive form of French characterized by many old-fashioned expressions preserved from the seventeenth-century dialects of western France.’
      • ‘Especially in the first half of this period, it was the interaction all our peoples - Acadian, Mi'Kmaq, Scottish, English and others - that laid the foundations of modern Nova Scotia.’
      • ‘Nova Scotia is rich in cultural heritage from many communities - Blacks, Natives, Acadians, and Europeans.’
      • ‘Other Canadians who are profiled separately include Acadians and a number of native groups, among them the Iroquois, Tlingit, and Inuit.’
      • ‘Many of us in this country - Québecois, Natives, Métis, Inuits, Acadians - are citizens by conquest and not by choice.’
      • ‘There are also French Canadians - known as Acadians - in the Maritime provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island.’
      • ‘The cultural background of those fishing in the area south of Antigonish Harbor, while mixed, is dominated by Acadians.’
      • ‘This year, Acadians from around the world will gather in Nova Scotia for the Congres mondial acadien 2004.’
      • ‘Before the twentieth century, the French-speaking Acadians in the Maritime provinces engaged in farming, fishing, and forestry.’
    2. 1.2US A descendant of the Acadians who settled in Louisiana in the 18th century; a Cajun.
      ‘One need only check the Internet and read the Web pages from Louisiana on the Acadians to feel the heat of the anti-British feeling.’
      • ‘Louisiana attracted Acadians who wanted to rejoin their kin and Acadian culture.’
      • ‘In Louisiana the Creoles and Acadians rejected the cotton planters' Southern nationalism.’
      • ‘Some of these songs came from France with colonists from Poitou in 1720, or with Acadians deported from Nova Scotia by the British in 1758.’