Meaning of adenylate cyclase in English:

adenylate cyclase


(also adenyl cyclase)
mass nounBiochemistry
  • An enzyme that catalyses the formation of cyclic adenylic acid from adenosine triphosphate.

    ‘The cAMP is produced by adenylate cyclase, and that enzyme is activated by phosphorylated IIA Glc.’
    • ‘The response of cells to the binding of glucagon to its cell surface receptor is the activation of the enzyme adenylate cyclase which is associated with the receptor.’
    • ‘When epinephrine contacts a cell membrane, it triggers the allosteric activation of adenylate cyclase, the enzyme that creates cAMP. cAMP then allosterically activates a protein kinase.’
    • ‘In isolated cilia and in intact olfactory receptor neurons, studies have shown basal activities of both adenylate cyclase and cAMP phosphodiesterase.’
    • ‘In unstimulated ORNs, both adenylate cyclase and cAMP phosphodiesterase are active.’


adenylate cyclase

/əˌdɛnɪleɪt ˈsʌɪkleɪz/ /ˈsɪk-/