Meaning of affinal in English:


Pronunciation /əˈfʌɪn(ə)l/

See synonyms for affinal


  • Concerning or having a family relationship by marriage.

    ‘Most cases illustrated here concern fine-tuning of the affinal category in such a way that it is possible to establish the necessary distinctions among classificatory in-laws, potential in-laws and actual in-laws.’
    • ‘Buffaloes, preferably full-grown bulls, are involved in funerals in two ways: some are contributed by consanguineal relatives and others are lent by affinal kin or even friends.’
    • ‘Consanguineal relatives are considered more important than are affinal relatives.’
    • ‘Does it belong to the birth family or the affinal family?’
    • ‘Nucleated villages consisted of two localised clan branches, one from each moiety, which maintained complex and enduring affinal, political, economic, and ritual relations of reciprocity of various sorts.’


Mid 19th century from Latin affinis ‘related’ (see affinity) + -al.