Meaning of Algonquin in English:


Pronunciation /alˈɡɒŋk(w)ɪn/


(also Algonkin)
  • 1A member of an indigenous people living in Canada along the Ottawa River and its tributaries and westward to the north of Lake Superior.

    ‘Montagnais, Algonkins and Hurons engaged in exchange involving goods, people, and ideas with both kinds of French.’
    • ‘Soon, Montagnais, Algonquins, Hurons, and French, and how many more, would form a single people.’
    • ‘His book reported that by 1640 two trade networks competed, one made up of the Algonquin, Huron, and French, and the other consisting of the Oneidas, Dutch, and English.’
    • ‘So I think it was a big step to recognize that a Mohawk is not a Cree, and that a Cree is not an Algonquin.’
    • ‘The Algonquins had named the territory he lived in Great Water, michi ganni.’
  • 2mass noun The dialect of Ojibwa spoken by the Algonquin.

    ‘An eighth language of the same subgroup of the Algonquian family, Algonquin, is listed separately, apparently for historical rather than linguistic reasons.’
    • ‘Everyone here came from somewhere else, unless your native language is Algonquin.’
    • ‘Although he is far better known for his novels, Norman continues to work as a translator from Algonquin and Cree.’
    • ‘And as we were often told, ‘Mohawk means cannibal, in Algonquin.’’
    • ‘Malick hired a linguist to translate the script and to teach his native actors to speak Algonquin, a language extinct for the past 200 years.’


(also Algonkin)
  • Relating to the Algonquin or their language.

    ‘And that's in Cree, which comes from the Algonquin language.’
    • ‘According to Algonquin legend, Tremblant would receive a violent shaking from the god Manitou if man ever disturbed its natural setting.’
    • ‘Illiniwek was the name of the loose confederation of Algonquin tribes that once lived in the area.’
    • ‘Manitou, The Great Spirit, is an Algonquin term, often erroneously applied as spirit monster.’
    • ‘Spoken Ojibwa or Ojibwemowin is an Algonquin language with regional dialectical differences.’


The terms Algonquin and Algonquian do not mean the same thing. Algonquian refers to a large family of languages, of which Algonquin is a specific member. Algonquin is also the term used for the North American people speaking the Algonquin language


French, contraction of obsolete Algoumequin, from a Micmac word meaning ‘at the place of spearing fish and eels’.