Meaning of amygdala in English:


Pronunciation /əˈmɪɡdələ/

nounplural noun amygdalae/əˈmɪɡdəliː/

  • A roughly almond-shaped mass of grey matter inside each cerebral hemisphere, involved with the experiencing of emotions.

    ‘Deep in the brain lies the amygdala, an almond-sized region that generates fear.’
    • ‘The action of the amygdala in the limbic system functions as an alarm system, eliciting responses to cues in the present as if they were the original danger.’
    • ‘The MRI scans were used to quantify total volume of the cerebrum, lateral ventricles, hippocampus and amygdala.’
    • ‘The amygdala and cerebellum were not activated during processing of emotional facial expressions.’
    • ‘Both the hippocampus and the amygdala are involved in the processing and integration of memory.’


Late Middle English via Latin from Greek amugdalē ‘almond’.