Meaning of Anderson shelter in English:

Anderson shelter

Pronunciation /ˈandəsən ʃɛltə/

noun

historical
  • A small prefabricated air-raid shelter of a type built in the UK during the Second World War.

    ‘Many people did not want to leave their homes, and even owners of Anderson shelters would forsake their shelters for the comfort of the understairs cupboard.’
    • ‘When the bombs started falling, the family took to an Anderson shelter and a garden shed.’
    • ‘Inside Red House, which is dressed out as 19th century, they had put an exhibition entitled ‘War on the home front,’ in a couple of the rooms, including a mock-up of an Anderson shelter, with full sound effects of an air raid.’
    • ‘By the outbreak of war, enough covered trenches were available to shelter half a million people and nearly one and a half million Anderson shelters had been issued free to householders with gardens.’
    • ‘To prevent such a thing from coming to pass Anderson shelters were distributed, the first arriving in September 1939, the week after war was declared.’

Origin

1930s named after Sir John Anderson, the Home Secretary in 1939–40 when the shelter was adopted.