Meaning of Arcadian in English:


Pronunciation /ɑːˈkeɪdɪən/

See synonyms for Arcadian on


  • 1A native of Arcadia.

    ‘Late in the year he went to the aid of the Arcadians, and was largely responsible for the crucial decision to press on with the invasion of the Spartan homeland - the first in historical times - and, above all, to free Messenia.’
    • ‘I mean, it's from the Amorites and from the Arcadians even earlier that we have the Semitic language coming in, which is the basis for Phoenician, for Aramaic, for Hebrew and for the Arabic languages.’
    • ‘Now that Spartan backing was no longer a guarantee of political ascendancy, one Euphron, who had previously exploited Spartan favour, persuaded the Argives and Arcadians to help him install democracy.’
    • ‘Then he tells him to become an ally with King Evander of the Arcadians who has been an enemy of the Latins for a long time.’
    • ‘The Arcadians had their joint sanctuary at an even more remote place on the peak of Mt Lykaion 1400m metres high.’
    1. 1.1 literary An idealized country dweller.
      ‘I assure you, Mr. Dombey, Nature intended me for an Arcadian.’
      • ‘Gallus, is never represented as a shepherd or true Arcadian.’
      • ‘Pastoral vagrancy, indeed, may be said to be the badge of all these tribes; but not theirs were the pastoral virtues of orthodox and legitimate Arcadians.’
      • ‘The New Arcadians see their salvation in a return to Edenic innocence.’


  • 1Relating to Arcadia.

    ‘They tended to disguise them on Italianate terraces surrounded by Tivoli garden stone statues, or site them in specially-built pool houses, where they were inevitably accompanied by Roman columns and Arcadian murals.’
    • ‘And they raise two plastic cups of Scotch in a conciliatory toast ‘to the Arcadian dream‘.’
    • ‘Even if we are less hopeful in the twenty-first century, perhaps we still need to have Arcadian dreams and where better to explore them than in ‘God's own Country’.’
    • ‘The Tracker is a tale of an adventurous boyhood of limitless self-reliance in an unfathomably Arcadian wilderness.’
    • ‘But this Arcadian vision arose in spite of a volatile modern history.’
    • ‘If one gets away from the avenues and visits the largest city park called Leisure Valley, it has an Arcadian beauty of clusters of flowering trees.’
    • ‘She and the two boys end up playing in this Arcadian garden, and the uncle cries when he gets back from a business trip and realises how wonderful everything is.’
    • ‘The working holiday had almost come to an end and it was time to leave this Arcadian corner of the country, where being parochial is a way of life.’
    • ‘For those who think of the 1960s and 1970s as an Arcadian period in pop, these past two months have been a return to Eden.’
    • ‘For starters, don't come to this show expecting to see a realistic Arcadian grove recreated on stage.’
    • ‘Giant photographs of Arcadian scenes are draped across concrete apartment blocks.’
    • ‘One in five of the pilots in the Battle of Britain came from overseas and, far from fighting for an Arcadian Britain, some were revenging the invasion of their homelands.’
    • ‘Toward the end of the decade, the artist took a trip to North Dakota and found a new but, in a way, still Arcadian theme: the cowboy on his horse in a frontier landscape.’
    • ‘Frank Gehry's first building on a rural site is a model performance complex clad in swishing, sensuous steel drapery that animates its Arcadian campus setting.’
    • ‘The man reading, in the left foreground, evokes the Arcadian image of the shepherd reciting poetry in days of old.’
    • ‘The requests were the old ones: portraits of pretty mistresses done up as Arcadian shepherdesses, Virgins with downcast eyes and brilliant blue cloaks, sentimentalised pictures of the Infant Christ.’
    • ‘Despite its size, it is deliberately anti-monumental, its low curved bulk spread across a hillside on the edge of the village, and its green copper roof merging with the primal Arcadian landscape of southern Italy.’
    • ‘The question of whether or not these works engage or create a sense of place, as opposed to the no-place of Arcadian utopia, is never asked.’
    • ‘Dating back to the third century B.C., the landscape there approximates the Arcadian ideal and the site is famous for its oracle, who was mentioned by Herodotus.’
    • ‘He half jokingly talked about the loveliness of Michigan, painting it as an Arcadian paradise.’
    1. 1.1 literary Relating to an ideal pastoral paradise.
      ‘Another strain on the Arcadian ideal in the late 1930s came from the haste with which war seemed about to repeat itself, a haste that wrought havoc with the archetypal narrative of loss and recovery.’
      • ‘The ‘fancy pictures’, Arcadian rustic themes like the Peasant Girl Gathering Sticks, led on to the sentiment of early Romanticism.’
      • ‘The prospect thus stands in direct, temporal opposition to the pastoral or Arcadian mode.’
      • ‘In contrast to this patrician style, Jefferson cherished a vision of America as a rural retreat of Arcadian innocence.’
      • ‘The notion of the South as a rural idyll begins with the Arcadian visions of artists such as Samuel Palmer and John Linnell, inspired by the Kent landscape.’
      perfect, ideal, idealized, wonderful, blissful, halcyon, happy


Late 16th century from Latin Arcadius, from Greek Arkadia (see Arcadia).