Meaning of arenavirus in English:


Pronunciation /əˈriːnəˌvʌɪrəs/


  • Any of a group of RNA viruses (including that causing Lassa fever) that appear under an electron microscope to contain granules that resemble sand.

    ‘Viral illnesses known to cause petechial rashes include cytomegalovirus infections, atypical measles and viral hemorrhagic fevers caused by arboviruses and arenaviruses.’
    • ‘The unit has contributed significantly to a better understanding of the pathogenesis and ecology of viruses such as Ebola, Crimean - Congo haemorrhagic fever, Marburg, Rift Valley fever and Lassa fever - related arenaviruses.’
    • ‘The medication has shown limited success in the treatment of patients with viral hemorrhagic fevers such as Lassa, Crimean-Congo, some New World arenaviruses, and Bunyaviruses. (25,28)’
    • ‘The other arenaviruses have been isolated since 1958.’


1970s from Latin arenosus ‘sandy’ (from arena ‘sand’) + virus.