A republic occupying much of the southern part of South America; population 43,400,000 (estimated 2015); official language, Spanish; capital, Buenos Aires. Also called the Argentine /ˈɑːdʒənˌtʌɪn, ˈɑːdʒənˌtiːn/.
Colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century, Argentina declared its independence in 1816. It emerged as a democratic republic in the mid 19th century, but has periodically fallen under military rule. Having long claimed the Falkland Islands, Argentina invaded them in 1982 but was defeated and expelled by British forces