Meaning of autochthonous in English:


Pronunciation /ɔːˈtɒkθənəs/

See synonyms for autochthonous on


  • 1(of an inhabitant of a place) indigenous rather than descended from migrants or colonists.

    ‘However, on his creative path around the north of the island he discovered several autochthonous beings already in residence.’
    • ‘For some citizens, deeply embedded assumptions about hierarchies of ‘spiritual belonging’ to land give priority to those individuals who can make the strongest claims to autochthonous status.’
    • ‘In mythic accounts, the relationship between the autochthonous and the stranger is always a matter of context.’
    • ‘Assemblages of plant fossils that are preserved close to where their parent-plants originally grew are called autochthonous; assemblages that have been transported are referred to as allochthonous.’
    • ‘In Socratic rendition, the themes of autochthonous origins and the political equality it had traditionally authorized receive an ironic twist.’
    • ‘There is actually another interpretation that should be acceptable to Native Americans who consider themselves autochthonous.’
    • ‘For example, many of the tribes that organize tourist packages attempt to portray the tribes as dynamic, vibrant cultures proud of their autochthonous identities but equally proud of their accomplishments in the modern world.’
    • ‘The problem of this hypothesis is that it requires the river dolphins of the Amazon, Ganges, Yangtze, etc. to all be autochthonous and essentially unrelated, since those river systems are separated by good span of geography.’
    • ‘There was a proliferation of postgraduate research and publication on Australian topics, filling in the details of an increasingly autochthonous national history and channelling into increasingly specialised fields.’
    • ‘Whereas the Church in Brazil has had some awareness of this situation, it has been unable to experiment at the national level with autochthonous and creative forms of cultural expressions in liturgical life.’
    • ‘As a result, transgenic and wild salmon could be in direct competition for food and mates, and it's likely the autochthonous species would die out.’
    • ‘According to Mylonas, extinction of autochthonous species caused by the introduced species is unusual in terrestrial mollusks.’
    • ‘Although, he was actually autochthonous to Brooklyn, not California.’
    • ‘It now seems likely that the Canaanites were autochthonous - that they grew from the soil of Canaan.’
    • ‘Its autochthonous Berber population was nomadic and so did not cultivate.’
    • ‘I think it's a real shame that autochthonous people are forbidden to control their own destiny where demand for that which is indigenous to their own sovereign land is concerned.’
    • ‘It is, however, appropriate to conclude from this evidence that the maternal lineages of the present-day Indian populations are largely autochthonous, that is, unique to India, and very, very old.’
    indigenous, native, first, initial, aboriginal
    1. 1.1Geology (of a deposit or formation) formed in its present position.
      Often contrasted with allochthonous
      ‘It is generally agreed that the autochthonous sedimentary sequences were deposited in the northern margin of Gondwana.’
      • ‘This has led to debate on whether this basement complex is allochthonous or autochthonous.’
      • ‘In contrast to siliciclastic deposits, they are normally deposited close to their site of formation within the basin of deposition; that is they are autochthonous, and are rarely transported great distances from their site of origin.’
      • ‘Such tectonic ironstones separate different lithostratigraphic units commonly regarded as autochthonous rock sequences.’
      • ‘Being thrust onto the autochthonous Central Carpathian Basin, its original basement is unknown.’
      • ‘This organic debris is considered the original source for some chemical cave minerals but is also associated with the generation of autochthonous clastic sediments.’
      • ‘These sea ice communities can be supported by materials (both dissolved and particulate) that are allochthonous and autochthonous.’
      • ‘The lower unit, the Gneiss Group, is unaffected by Alpine deformation and is regarded as the autochthonous basement of the northern Apennines.’
      • ‘In line with White's classification, we will regard them as autochthonous chemical sediment when considering deep cave mineral deposits.’
      • ‘What clues from the rock record or the fossils themselves might tell you whether a fossil assemblage was autochthonous, transported only a little bit, or truly allochthonous?’
      • ‘The rock units that crop out within the windows all show some effects of Caledonian deformation, and are therefore interpreted as exposing parautochthonous rather than strictly autochthonous foreland.’
      • ‘In contrast, the sedimentology of an autochthonous fossil plant site retains a primary paleoecological signal.’
      • ‘Instead, the proportion between allochthonous and autochthonous carbon in the crustacean zooplankton was consistent with a rather conservative use of the energy mobilized by bacterioplankton and phytoplankton in the lakes.’