A socialist system in which workers have authority in political and economic decision-making, and hold ultimate responsibility in the workplace, as opposed to state-run socialism. Now also more generally: the relinquishment of managerial responsibilities to the employees in a workplace.
The system was first advocated by the French Partie Socialite Unifié in the early 1960s and briefly adopted in Algeria after independence from France in 1962.
1960s; earliest use found in The New York Times. From French autogestion, lit. ‘self-management’ from auto- + gestion management.