A follower or supporter of Babeuf or his beliefs, most notably the doctrine of universal equality of income and the abolition of private property; specifically a member of any of various 19th-cent. French political organizations espousing this principle.
Of, relating to, or characteristic of Babeuf, the Babouvists, or their beliefs.
Early 19th century. From French Babouviste from the name of François Noël (pseudonym ‘Gracchus’) Babeuf, French revolutionary + -iste.