Meaning of bias in English:

bias

Pronunciation /ˈbʌɪəs/

See synonyms for bias

Translate bias into Spanish

noun

  • 1mass noun Inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group, especially in a way considered to be unfair.

    ‘there was evidence of bias against foreign applicants’
    • ‘the bias towards younger people in recruitment’
    • ‘Has there been prejudice and bias against the applicant by both the judge at first instance and by the majority of the Full Court?’
    • ‘Publication bias in favour of aspirin also exists.’
    • ‘In an article for today's paper, the government's transport adviser firmly rejects claims of an unfair bias in favour of London and the south-east.’
    • ‘The Government's race watchdog is investigating apparent racial bias against its own ethnic minority staff.’
    • ‘Also, publication bias against studies that failed to show an effect might have limited our ability to identify features associated with ineffective systems.’
    • ‘The vast majority of Senators I have served with do not have any bias or ethnic bias against people.’
    • ‘He did this with good policies, hard work and persistence and in spite of media bias in favour of his opponent.’
    • ‘The case was dealt with by case workers outside the county so that there could be no inference of bias in favour of one party.’
    • ‘Thus, if a large country finds that the partnership with a small country is of value from an overall point of view, the large country will be willing to accept a certain power bias in favour of the small country.’
    • ‘Counsel for the applicant suggests that the Crown's behaviour fell short of that standard, and that it indicated bias in favour of the accused police officer.’
    • ‘Apart from its bias in favour of upstream states, it has little support in state practice and does not seem to represent international law.’
    • ‘However, his own bias in favour of doctrinal studies hindered acceptance of his theories, and he died at too young an age to have had much impact.’
    • ‘There should be no bias in favour of the money-earner and against the home-maker and the child-carer.’
    • ‘Her supporters said she was unfairly singled out because of her celebrity and because of bias against female executives.’
    • ‘This follows from the charges of, for example, bias in favour of panel members' departments and inconsistency across subject areas.’
    • ‘I noted the officer's testimonial enthusiasm as an indication of bias in favour of the prosecution but do not find that his evidence should not be believed.’
    • ‘But I find it hard to believe accusations of bias against him.’
    • ‘There is a strong cultural bias against non-fiction.’
    • ‘Their intended purpose is to attest to the integrity of the identification parade and also to remove the possibility of any bias against the suspect.’
    • ‘I do not live in either town, so have no personal bias in favour of moving traffic from one to another, either from a business or residential point of view.’
    prejudice, partiality, partisanship, favouritism, unfairness, one-sidedness
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1in singular A concentration on or interest in one particular area or subject.
      ‘his work showed a discernible bias towards philosophy’
      • ‘He is interested in the human bias towards particular scientific ideas, not on the scale of a particular concrete example as in our pictures above, but within an entire area of science.’
      • ‘The downturn in the technology sector has been unkind to those with a strong bias towards this area.’
      • ‘There is a discernible bias to topics popular with the current generation of French and Russian mathematicians, who form the bulk of the authors.’
      • ‘The subject coverage is comprehensive, but with a strong bias towards the arts.’
      • ‘This role is predominantly office based working within a team and has an strong bias towards industrial computing.’
    2. 1.2(in South Korean entertainment, especially K-pop) a person's favourite pop star, pop group, actor, etc., or favourite member of a pop group.
      • ‘I'm a fan of Blackpink and my bias is Jennie’
  • 2Statistics
    A systematic distortion of a statistical result due to a factor not allowed for in its derivation.

    ‘Furthermore, the statistical bias varies with the filling factor.’
    • ‘Consideration of potential confounders, measures to prevent bias, and appropriate statistical analysis were mostly lacking.’
    • ‘We prefer a random partition that produces a point estimate with less bias than would result from a deterministic partition.’
    • ‘The minimisation of bias, the systematic deviation of results or inferences from truth, is a fundamental principle of medical research.’
    • ‘This suggests the existence of statistical bias in one or both of the partitions.’
  • 3A direction diagonal to the weave of a fabric.

    ‘a turquoise silk dress cut on the bias’
    • ‘Garment pieces cut on the bias should be pressed with the lengthwise grainline, to avoid stretching.’
    • ‘Then I trimmed that seam down to 1/4 ‘all around and finished it with a Hong Kong finish, using a sheer fabric cut on the bias.’’
    • ‘The undercollar is traditionally cut on the bias in two pieces with a center back seam.’
    • ‘But the really brilliant part is that they're cut on the bias, which means they drape perfectly, hiding what you want to hide and accentuating what you want to show off.’
    • ‘Maybe look for skirts cut on the bias, A-line, anything to emphasize your waist as being small and skim over your hips.’
    • ‘The sheath of fibers was made by sewing into a tube a strip of organza cut on the bias.’
    • ‘‘We've gone for longer length skirts cut on the bias, mid calf and quite straight with a single vent at the back.’’
    • ‘A curvy girl might choose an A-line in a jersey or other stretch fabric, which will hug curves the right way, while dresses in silk or satin cut on the bias might accentuate problem areas because of the way they catch light.’
    • ‘As for other options, one of our most stylish friends says that she buys a beautiful designer dress for each pregnancy, and because it's cut on the bias, it lasts her the entire nine months.’
    • ‘A-line skirt or cut on the bias, what will work best for your shape?’
    • ‘Garments cut on the bias appear softer and more fluid, have more stretch, and are more supple than those cut on the lengthwise or crosswise grain.’
    • ‘Garments cut on the bias fit differently than garments cut on straight grain.’
    • ‘What about the jacket facings - would they have to be cut on the bias or the grain?’
    • ‘Cut on the bias for a more comfortable fit, this is a perfect option for keeping cool on warmer nights.’
    • ‘Fabrics cut on the bias hang nicely, swing and drape beautifully. However, they may also stretch.’
    diagonal, cross, slant, oblique, angle
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  • 4(in bowls) the irregular shape given to one side of a bowl.

    ‘This model bowl has the Traditional bias which has stood the test of time wherever Lawn Bowls is played.’
    • ‘The bowls are not quite round. They are shaved on one side which gives them the bias.’
    • ‘Very easy to hold and with a predictable line it is a match for any modern bias bowl.’
    • ‘The same year that the shaping machine was invented - 1871 - the Company introduced the world's first testing table for bias of bowls.’
    • ‘All bowls should have a bias that is not less than that of a Working Reference Bowl and should be imprinted with the registered World Bowls Stamp.’
    1. 4.1The oblique course taken by a bowl as a result of its irregular shape.
      ‘Bowling indoors is a completely different experience from outdoors and requires different characteristics in the bowls used, the artificial surface being very much faster and more prone to bias.’
      • ‘Heavy weight and Medium weight bowls run with the same bias.’
      • ‘Increased amounts of bias will reduce the maximum attainable speed. The top speed with maximum bias is approximately 55 mph!’
      • ‘Early tests conducted on a billiard table soon dispelled the ideas that bias is a myth in croquet. The noticeable 'draw' (lateral motion) on the fine green baize prompted a more careful examination with a view to ultimately testing on grass.’
      • ‘At any rate, the shape of these stones is such that when delivered with a normal bowling action, they take bias; that is, they take a curved path, particularly when the initial speed begins to slow down.’
  • 5Electronics
    A steady voltage, magnetic field, or other factor applied to a system or device to cause it to operate over a predetermined range.

    ‘Semiconductor amplifying circuit having improved bias circuit for supplying a bias voltage to an amplifying FET’
    • ‘At higher T, it takes less time for thermal fluctuations to induce rupture under an applied bias force.’
    • ‘The experimental data suggest the opposite: increasing the applied voltage bias usually increases the duration of the current blockades.’
    • ‘So far we have demonstrated examples of channel asymmetry that was induced by the sign of the applied voltage bias.’
    • ‘Upon application of a voltage greater than the threshold bias of 2 to 3 V, a current flows.’

verbverb biases, verb biasing, verb biased

[with object]
  • 1Cause to feel or show inclination or prejudice for or against someone or something.

    ‘the search results are biased by the specific queries used’
    • ‘common sense biases me against these theories’
    • ‘The estimated coefficients may be biased by sampling errors.’
    • ‘The report is biased by the opinion of the author.’
    • ‘I think that has biased me against her as a person.’
    • ‘My own experiences of having to raise my brother after my parents' divorce biased me against wanting to go through something like that again.’
    • ‘The report is fair, honest, and not biased by any company affiliation.’
    • ‘The actions of a relatively small number of respondents might easily have biased the results observed.’
    • ‘The parties and candidates who favour the interests of those who are not rich do not get donations - this biases the political system in favour of the rich.’
    • ‘Critics of the statements argue that they unfairly bias the judge at the conclusion of the trial.’
    • ‘This situation, called self-selection, would bias the statistical results, unless it is corrected.’
    • ‘Comparison of urban and rural incomes has neglected the rental value of rural housing, and this biases the comparison in favour of the towns.’
    prejudice, influence, colour, sway, weight, predispose
    View synonyms
  • 2Statistics
    Distort (a statistical result); introduce bias into (a method of sampling, measurement, analysis, etc.).

  • 3Electronics
    Give a bias to.

    ‘bias the valve so that the anode current is normally zero or small’
    • ‘Hence, the unbiased variance estimator may be negatively biased due to spatial autocorrelation.’
    • ‘When a MOS channel is formed by forward biasing the gate, a Zener tunnel current evolves with a steep turn-on characteristic.’
    • ‘The opening is urged to a closed position by resiliently biasing the filamentary members.’
    • ‘The third electrode may be biased at the potential of the anode through a ballast resistor, and be located near the cathode.’
    • ‘Apparently, function can be fine tuned by either reverse biasing or forward biasing the tension generating step.’

Origin

Mid 16th century (in the sense ‘oblique line’; also as an adjective meaning ‘oblique’): from French biais, from Provençal, perhaps based on Greek epikarsios ‘oblique’.