Meaning of bison in English:


Pronunciation /ˈbʌɪsn/

See synonyms for bison on

Translate bison into Spanish

nounplural noun bison

  • A humpbacked shaggy-haired wild ox native to North America and Europe.

    Genus Bison, family Bovidae: B. bison of North American prairies (also called
    ), and B. bonasus of European forests (also called
    ), now found only in Poland. These are sometimes regarded as a single species

    ‘Today the wood and plains bison in North America are the only surviving populations.’
    • ‘From North America came squirrels and raccoons, bears and bison, eagles and an elk.’
    • ‘Elks and bison, it seems, adapted better to the new landscape than mammoths and horses.’
    • ‘Wild bison roamed the streets in America and Canada when once they had walked the plains.’
    • ‘The bison naturally migrate to Horse Butte during the winter to find food and escape deep snows.’
    • ‘Doubtless they hunted horses there, as well as the roaming bison, woolly rhino and hyena.’
    • ‘Then, in 1997, Igor organized an effort to bring the European bison back to the forest.’
    • ‘One of his subjects was a male bison sent to Paris from the United States in 1819.’
    • ‘Sometimes they used the flames to drive the bison someplace for easier and safer killing by people on foot.’
    • ‘They were once hunted by sportsmen in India as ‘big game’ as was the American bison.’
    • ‘It appears to depict a bison's head and forequarters attached to a humanlike body.’
    • ‘The archaeologists last week unearthed engravings of a bison, another ibex, part of a horse and some triangular shapes.’
    • ‘Wolves primarily hunt in packs for large prey such as moose, elk, bison, musk oxen, and reindeer.’
    • ‘There are tigers here, but it's elephants, monkeys and bison that you're most likely to see sipping at the reserve's lakes.’
    • ‘The cowboys left long ago, but the elk, bison, pronghorns, coyote and moose are still at large in a chilly wilderness.’
    • ‘Among the animals most commonly represented are the bison, the bull and the horse.’
    • ‘Expect to spot bison, elk, deer, moose, coyote and many winter birds during your ski.’
    • ‘The haste to pass the area before dusk when elephants and bison come to the waterholes added anxiety to exhaustion.’
    • ‘The only thing I can figure is that they want the diseased bison to infect cattle and thereby harm the beef industry.’
    • ‘Grazing has always been allowed because cattle mimic the impact bison had on the natural landscape.’


Late Middle English from Latin, ultimately of Germanic origin and related to wisent.