Meaning of bitterling in English:


Pronunciation /ˈbɪtəlɪŋ/


  • A small brightly coloured freshwater fish of central Europe. The eggs are deposited inside a mussel, in which they are fertilized and the young eventually hatch.

    Rhodeus amarus, family Cyprinidae

    ‘The European bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus, Cyprinidae) is a freshwater fish in which the quality of the resource is of crucial importance for successful reproduction but can easily be manipulated.’
    • ‘Similarly, in the European bitterling, Rhodeus sericeus, dominant males invested most in ejaculations before oviposition if only one competitor was present.’
    • ‘Species (or larger taxonomic groups) used as hosts by this species are orange spotted sunfish, bitterling, white-tail shiner, spotfin shiner, and big-eye chub.’
    • ‘During the spawning season, male bitterling establish small territories around mussels and court females.’
    • ‘The bitterling appears to be not a particularly fussy eater, but it's a small fish so likes small foods.’
    • ‘Juveniles of rotan are seldom predators, adults feed mostly on fish; young of rotan, bitterlings, minnows.’
    • ‘The fertilized eggs develop inside the mussel shell and the little bitterlings leave it three to four weeks later.’
    • ‘I received an e-mail back saying that blue bitterlings, rainbow dace, and paradise fish do well with them.’
    • ‘Clonorchis used to be transmitted through eating raw small cyprinids such as minnows and bitterlings.’
    • ‘As was already suspected in 1993, the bitterlings have disappeared from the basin, since the species of mussel essential for their successful reproduction is lacking.’
    • ‘Heading towards the Yukon you should catch bitterlings in the winter.’
    • ‘The bitterlings comprise about 5 species in Europe, Asia Minor, the Caspian Sea basin, China, Japan and Korea with 1 species in Iran.’
    • ‘New York's Saw Mill River was stocked with bitterlings ten years ago, but two years later they had disappeared.’
    • ‘The little bitterlings grow inside the mussel without harming it, but where they are safe behind solid walls and with a constant supply of food drawn in for them by the mussel's own feeding activities.’
    • ‘Currently I am using DNA microsatellite analysis to determine paternity and sibship among embryonic bitterling in mussels collected from natural populations to quantify the frequency and importance of sneaking.’
    • ‘Fish species belonging to this type are classified into 3 groups: medaka, loach, etc. that either migrate to paddy fields to spawn or can remain permanently in paddy fields; Japanese bitterlings that do not necessarily migrate to paddy fields; and sticklebacks that cannot survive where there are no springs.’
    • ‘They may - I don't know a lot about silver bitterlings, but from what I know of fish, those that lay eggs in protected spots tend to do so because the fry will remain there for awhile and thus be protected…’


Late 19th century from German Bitterling, from bitter ‘bitter’ (translating Latin amarus) + -ling.