Meaning of bromine in English:

bromine

(also Br)

Pronunciation /ˈbrəʊmiːn/

Translate bromine into Spanish

noun

mass noun
  • The chemical element of atomic number 35, a dark red fuming toxic liquid with a choking, irritating smell. It is a member of the halogen group and occurs chiefly in the form of salts in seawater and brines.

    ‘Along with carbon, they include elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, bromine, sulphur or nitrogen.’
    • ‘The ozone depleting compounds contain combinations of the elements chlorine, fluorine, bromine, carbon and hydrogen.’
    • ‘The halogens are a group of chemical elements that includes fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, and astatine.’
    • ‘Fluorine, chlorine, and bromine are all more chemically reactive than iodine; when in the body, they all tend to disrupt stable iodine molecules, displacing the iodine and causing its excretion.’
    • ‘Organohalogens are organic compounds that contain one or more halogen atoms (fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine).’
    • ‘Dry chlorine, iodine, bromine and fluorine cause little or no corrosion of magnesium at room or slightly elevated temperature.’
    • ‘Recent experiments have begun identifying oxidizing gases, such as ozone and molecules containing the halogens bromine and chlorine, as triggers for that mercury fallout.’
    • ‘Jacob Berzelius immediately denominated chlorine, bromine, and iodine as ‘halogens’ or elements that form salts.’
    • ‘The proportion of bromine to other chemically similar elements, like chlorine, varied by a factor of 10 from place to place.’
    • ‘The elements that appear enriched from measurements that Spirit took with her alpha particle x-ray spectrometer are potassium, phosphorous, sulfur, chlorine, bromine.’
    • ‘Allenes are prepared by the removal of bromine and hydrogen bromide from 1,2, 3 tribromopropane and its derivatives under the action of potassium hydroxide, zinc, and ethanol.’
    • ‘Then there was chlorine, bromine, and iodine: pungent, poisonous, and coloured gases.’
    • ‘‘While chlorine and bromine chemicals cause the ozone hole, temperature is also a key factor in ozone loss,’ Newman said.’
    • ‘While chlorine and bromine chemicals cause the ozone hole, extremely cold temperatures, especially near the edge of Antarctica, are also key factors in ozone loss.’
    • ‘The spa's thermal waters, which bubble out of the ground at 38 degrees centigrade, have a high incidence of sulphate sodium, bromine and iodine and are particularly beneficial for those with respiratory conditions.’
    • ‘Other nations have signed since then, and recent studies indicate that the levels of bromine, another ozone-destroying chemical, are actually dropping.’
    • ‘For instance, electronegativities in the halide sequence fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine decrease from fluorine through iodine.’
    • ‘The two main ingredients are reactive halogen gases such as chlorine or bromine and sunlight.’
    • ‘Mercury is the only liquid metal and the only liquid element except for bromine.’
    • ‘So, in the Lounge, we are reminded that computers, TVs, and radios contain such deadly things as cadmium, arsenic, bromine, and lead mercury.’

Origin

Early 19th century from French brome, from Greek brōmos ‘a stink’, + -ine.