A European fern with deeply divided lobes and with stalks that are typically covered with brown scales.
Several species in the genus Dryopteris, family Dryopteridaceae‘There were plenty of ferns in the wood, but they were mostly male fern or common buckler fern, with a good number of hard ferns along the path-sides.’
- ‘Some of the rare plants to benefit from the Project will include limestone fern, baneberry, soloman's seal and rigid buckler fern.’
- ‘The native broad buckler fern is a deciduous fern to 80 cm x 80 cm usually found in moist situations in native woods, commonest on acid soil.’
- ‘The understorey is dominated by cherry laurel, and the herb layer by woodrush, hard and buckler ferns; there is also a good cover of mosses and lichens.’
- ‘Honeysuckle, fraochan, wood sorrel, bugle, blue-bell, few-flowered woodrush, royal fern, hay-scented buckler fern and foxglove all occur on the forest floor along with numerous mosses and liverworts.’