Main meanings of buff in English

: buff1buff2

buff1

Pronunciation /bʌf/

Translate buff into Spanish

noun

mass noun
  • 1A yellowish-beige colour.

    as modifier ‘a buff envelope’
    • ‘Body fur may be black, brown, grey, buff, red, white or multi-coloured, with many varieties of face markings.’
    • ‘The whole room is a zebra pelt of black and white and that colour that has been the fashion staple for so long they've invented a dozen names for it - taupe, camel, fawn, buff.’
    • ‘In the raffle, if they call out ticket 315, chances are I'll have it, but in buff when they want blue.’
    • ‘If you prefer lighter shades, pale blue and buff always look tremendous together.’
    • ‘Eight colours can be made out from the tapestry; the five main colours are blue-green, terracotta, light-green, buff and grey-blue.’
    • ‘There are more than 200 varieties in many different colours including make-up shades like buff, rose, chocolate and cream.’
    • ‘Juveniles are overall streaked brown and buff.’
    • ‘The presence of certain chemicals, such as iron oxide or other organic and mineral impurities, affects the colour of the baked product, and the firing of terracotta may cause the colour to vary from light buff to deep red.’
    • ‘Pelage color varies considerably, but is usually some shade of brown, gray, or buff.’
    • ‘Today there are withy beds in the Southwest that produce willow withies in white, buff and brown.’
    • ‘These are characterized by small villages of rectangular pit-houses, cremation of the dead, and plain grey or brown pottery, sometimes painted red on buff.’
    • ‘Although they are commonly red or buff in colour with low contents of organic matter, their coloration is mainly of diagenetic origin and is not exclusive to these deposits.’
    • ‘Brick with blurred colors or flecks of color in earthy tones of red, brown, black and buff appear completely at home in a rustic setting.’
    • ‘During the last financial year I have fallen into the unhealthy habit of not opening bills or indeed anything buff and brown with my name typed on it.’
    • ‘C. infundibuliformis is funnel-shaped, as the specific name indicates, and has a cap of variable colour: buff, ochre, brown, or reddish.’
    • ‘Many of the seed-eating columbids are buff, grey and brown colors, while the fruit-eaters are often more brightly colored.’
    • ‘The white underside of this sparrow is streaked with buff and brown across the breast.’
    • ‘The breast and abdomen of the male were buff with heavy markings of dark brown to black.’
    • ‘Melanin, which provides a range of colors from gray to black, buff to red-brown and brown, provides camouflage for many birds and display colors for others.’
    • ‘Light-morph birds are generally brown above and pale brown or buff below, with a white chin, throat, and chest, and a dark belly - band.’
  • 2trademark in UK A stout dull yellow leather with a velvety surface.

    ‘The buff coat was a standard piece of clothing for both the foot soldier and and the cavalryman. It offered moderate protection against blows from swords, but was ineffective against musket fire.’
    • ‘Officers were members of the gentry who did not wear a uniform but wore their own fine quality civilian clothes. They might wear a buff coat made of thick leather, with a small armour ‘gorget’ around their throat.’
    • ‘Among others, there is an account of his exchanging the bishop's cassock for the buff jerkin of a ballad singer, and selling out his stock of ballads at a tavern.’
    • ‘Men know him as a lonely figure riding of a morning through Rock Creek Park, wearing an immense sombrero, kid gloves, buff waistcoat and an old riding coat.’
  • 3count noun A stick, wheel, or pad used for polishing.

    ‘Further, electrolytic polishing in a phosphoric acid solution or polishing with a buff can be conducted instead of the chemical polishing.’
    • ‘The method of manufacturing a resin filled board according to claim 3, wherein said surfaces of said conductive layer are mechanically polished using a buff.’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Polish (something)

    ‘he buffed the glass until it gleamed’
    • ‘This surface is then buffed and polished with ever finer materials, like lambs wool, until the characteristic lustre is achieved.’
    • ‘When placed against the hot glass, the pad steams and smokes, forming a layer of carbon that helps to buff the glass.’
    • ‘The makeup artist has smoothed and buffed the skin of his face, highlighting the wide planes of his cheekbones.’
    • ‘The wooden floor is buffed to a cherry-red shine that lends a little jolliness.’
    • ‘So I shaved, brushed my teeth, deep-conditioned my hair, exfoliated, moisturised, filed and buffed my nails, and yet it still wasn't enough.’
    • ‘It must have taken me about ten minutes to select my favourite - and by that time, the chatty beautician had filed and buffed my fingernails, ready for painting.’
    • ‘Their boots were buffed into black mirrors, the red bands around their caps looked like slashes of blood against the khaki.’
    • ‘Then it's just a matter of using another clean cloth to buff the wax off.’
    • ‘She smoothed paste wax on the old red linoleum and buffed it by hand.’
    • ‘Once the iron sheet is buffed to give it the dull sheen the engraving work is taken up.’
    • ‘As an 8-year-old entrepreneur, I collected golf balls, buffed them to a glossy shine and bartered them back to golf enthusiasts on the 14th hole.’
    • ‘When I'm done I'll rub on a paste wax of some sort and buff the piece to a soft glow.’
    • ‘Waxed surface may be buffed occasionally to restore shine.’
    • ‘Underneath, an orange jumper, a light jacket with a peachy-orange check, an orange handkerchief tucked into his pocket and the shiniest light-tan leather shoes, buffed to mirrored perfection.’
    • ‘Then, the blades are sintered at a temperature of over 1,000 degrees, surface finished, tumbled and buffed.’
    • ‘The wooden slats are cut, sanded, buffed, and finished by hand before being stained or painted (in a wide variety of colors), and cotton is used for the tapes and cords.’
    • ‘After the first coat has dried it should be buffed with No. 2 steel wool.’
    • ‘It must be thoroughly buffed, following directions on wax label.’
    • ‘Solvent removes dirt and old wax, and leaves a thin wax coating which must be buffed.’
    • ‘The most beautiful was a series of small graphite paintings, buffed to a dull sheen that recalls the surfaces of ancient mirrors.’
    polish, burnish, rub up, rub, smooth, shine, wipe, clean
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Give (leather) a velvety finish by removing the surface of the grain.
      ‘Many of the grain defects in a leather do not penetrate into the leather nearly to the depth of the grain layer, and can be entirely removed by buffing.’
      • ‘Processing can be carried out on full grain and buffed leather of any origin and on leather fibre materials.’
      • ‘The buffing operation also releases particulates, which may contain chromium. Leather tanning facilities, however, have not been viewed as sources of chromium emissions by the States in which they are located.’
  • 2informal Make (an element in a role-playing or video game) more powerful.

    • ‘there are cards that'll buff your troops’
    • ‘Oh god, please do not buff Mercy's healing at all.’
    • ‘The only solutions are to nerf or buff the mechanics to some degree.’
    • ‘We have got 3 units that can buff, wipe, and nerf them.’
    • ‘Here is a list of weapons to buff.’
    • ‘For online multiplayer games, these improvements often come in the form of balancing updates that nerf (weaken) or buff (boost) characters or weapons in an attempt to make the game fairer for everyone playing.’
    • ‘In The Last Kaleidosaur they need to buff the reward, or lower the quest.’
    • ‘If you had to chose one champ to be buffed who would you pick?’
    • ‘Why can't you just buff this champion instead of nerfing that champion?’
    • ‘Why not buff all of the other classes up to their performance?’
    • ‘Did they buff it or did they nerf it?’

adjective

informal North American
  • (of a person or their body) in good physical shape with well-developed muscles.

    • ‘the driver was a buff blond named March’
    • ‘Core strength is key to developing a beautiful, buff body from head to toe, says this month's featured trainer, Lisa Wheeler.’
    • ‘He worked in Honduras in the 1980s - a big, buff guy with a metal plate in his head.’
    • ‘‘They were big, buff guys in caps and sunglasses, and their guns were drawn,’ Williams says.’
    • ‘And for the safety of you and your friends, hire the most buff lifeguard to man the stands on party day.’
    • ‘The BMI does not distinguish between fat and muscle, so buff men are likely to be considered overweight.’
    • ‘Far ahead, a door opened and a buff man stepped out.’
    • ‘Everyone knows each other, so there's friendly banter between Wayne the instructor and his group of out of shape ladies and one incredibly buff young man.’
    • ‘A large buff man sat by a table collecting money.’
    • ‘I discreetly passed it to the buff surfer boy next to me.’
    • ‘Tomorrow's buff body loses out to the dread of today's workout, and a reduced risk of cancer is obscured by the pleasure of a cigarette.’
    • ‘Maybe on the thin side, but he was still a buff guy.’
    • ‘The lecturer is a buff guy in his mid-forties with a husky voice, and he's standing next to a blowup mattress.’
    • ‘Strengthening them is essential for, preventing injury as well as developing a buff upper body.’
    • ‘And then she saw the very buff man in a muscle shirt hovering over Trent, shouting words of motivation.’
    • ‘He wasn't a buff guy, more lean than bulky, but he was still fit.’
    • ‘More than 1,500 buff bodies from around the globe are expected to attend the world-class fitness event.’
    • ‘Now, you can just go straight home - and still get a buff body even if you don't have a lot of time to spare.’
    • ‘It also led to the development of something which would be even more significant in his life, as he constantly illustrated the buff bodies of the heroes he came across in Homer's legendary tales.’
    • ‘Napier started playing rugby again and getting into his current buff shape.’
    • ‘I looked into that face, that pale face, buff body, shaggy black hair, and red eyes.’
    healthy, well, in good health
    View synonyms

Phrases

    in the buff
    informal
    • Naked.

      • ‘people generally don't go swimming in the buff in public places’
      • ‘In 1998, in the early morning hours after Montreal's massive Black & Blue circuit party benders, a man awoke in an alley, in the buff, with no memory of who he was or where he came from.’
      • ‘I'm not implying we should all be in the buff all the time.’
      • ‘Here's a hint, don't try gymnastics in the buff.’
      • ‘The final breakthrough will be when people are making bets in the buff.’
      • ‘If you prefer your nudism, well, natural, why not get literally get back to nature with a stroll across England in the buff?’
      • ‘The stories featured mainly attractive young people with no perceptible acting talent or experience disporting themselves in the buff.’
      • ‘Some of us were doing real exams at university, and it was most distracting with all the girls wandering around in the buff.’
      • ‘There's an added incentive to buffing in the buff: how her late mother would have disapproved.’
      • ‘Russia's top politicians regularly appear for interviews on this popular news show, and, yes, the interviewer is sitting there in the buff, asking serious questions as though all was normal.’
      • ‘Although rumors circulated saying she would appear completely in the buff, a spokesperson for the actress confirmed ‘She is certainly not nude.’’

Origin

Mid 16th century probably from French buffle, from Italian bufalo, from late Latin bufalus (see buffalo). The original sense in English was ‘buffalo’, later ‘oxhide’ or ‘colour of oxhide’.

Main meanings of buff in English

: buff1buff2

buff2

Pronunciation /bʌf/

Translate buff into Spanish

noun

informal with modifier
  • A person who is enthusiastically interested in and very knowledgeable about a particular subject.

    • ‘a computer buff’
    • ‘If you're a film score buff or someone interested in good 20th century music, this CD issue won't disappoint.’
    • ‘It's the perfect partner for workout enthusiasts and exercise buffs!’
    • ‘For example, offering a net-based service costs very little and the expertise is often found among young computer buffs.’
    • ‘To get you started, here are a few great ideas for everyone on your list from the yoga lover to the car enthusiast to the beauty buff.’
    • ‘Young computer buffs are lining up to catch a rare glimpse of endangered red squirrels - by using quick ‘mouse’ action.’
    • ‘But even devoted space buffs long ago lost interest in the shuttle program.’
    • ‘As film buffs know, sequels seldom live up to the original.’
    • ‘Beyond the obvious implications for sci-fi buffs and other space enthusiasts, the episode sheds light on the versatility of free enterprise.’
    • ‘An important story, the CD is ideal for history buffs, or anyone interested in the Sally Hemings-Thomas Jefferson story.’
    • ‘He is a film buff, theatre-goer, art connoisseur, reader and amateur boxing referee.’
    • ‘Older readers of Cotswold history buff Dennis Hughes' latest book are guaranteed a musical trip down memory lane.’
    • ‘But history buffs, particularly those interested in Southern history, will still find much to like - and learn - in Big Cotton.’
    • ‘Observation shows that forged paintings are usually offered to novice art collectors, art buffs who are too lazy to learn about the subject or those who believe they are really knowledgeable in art matters.’
    • ‘You don't need to be a film buff to enjoy the movies or a football fanatic to watch a game.’
    • ‘Film theory buffs and nerds alike certainly will go rabid with delight at the mere notion that such a film exists for consumption.’
    • ‘The main problem being that no matter how enthusiastically a wine buff describes their cheeky little wine from Anjou, the viewer is left unable to smell or taste it.’
    • ‘Well, this Film Snob says you're not a film buff if you don't watch older movies.’
    • ‘Film music buffs will want more complete realizations of these scores, but the present CD is excellent and an economical purchase for more moderate types.’
    • ‘An evening for film buffs and all those interested in exploring the elusive, unending question of the Indian identity.’
    enthusiast, fan, fanatic, devotee, addict, lover, admirer
    View synonyms

Origin

Early 20th century from buff, originally applied to enthusiastic fire-watchers, because of the buff uniforms formerly worn by New York volunteer firemen.