A thorny shrub or small tree with small purple-black fruits similar to plums. The damson is probably a cultivated form.
Prunus domestica subsp. insititia (or P. insititia), family Rosaceae‘It didn't take long to track down two types of bullace in West Berkshire in the surrounding area, thanks to Newbury Weekly News readers and BBC Radio Berkshire listeners.’
- ‘Gages, bullaces and damsons are all grown in the same way as plums.’
- ‘I discovered a bullace tree, a wild plum, absolutely loaded with fruit and resolved to pick some fruit and make some wine, all the while documenting the process with recordings.’
- ‘Then there are the sloes and bullaces, almost always to be found in old hedges, which at this season have a misty blue bloom on them, equal to any that we see on the grape.’
- ‘It is hard to find; if there's a bullace tree near you, make sure local people treasure it.’
Middle English from Old French buloce ‘sloe’ of unknown origin.