Meaning of bumiputra in English:


Pronunciation /ˌbuːmɪˈpuːtrə/

nounplural noun bumiputra, plural noun bumiputras

(also bumiputera)
  • A Malaysian of indigenous Malay origin.

    as modifier ‘bumiputra ownership’
    • ‘In Malaysia, the government, despite its willingness to allow expatriates to fill key positions in foreign firms in Malaysia, still tends to favour firms that hire bumiputras, individuals of Malay origin.’
    • ‘Two decades of affirmative-action policies did increase the stake in the economy of ethnic bumiputras (ethnic Malay and other indigenous groups) and led to the emergence of a Malay middle class.’
    • ‘Latest estimates number Malays and other bumiputras at 12.7 million, Chinese at 5.5 million and Indians at 1.6 million.’
    • ‘It's a sign, perhaps, of an innate dynamism and adaptability that, despite officially sanctioned discrimination in favor of the Malay bumiputra, Chinese Malaysians continue to flourish.’
    • ‘Not so many years ago, Malaysia seemed to be thriving as Mahathir pursued his dream: a booming, world-class corporate sector, aided and abetted by government, and headed by bumiputra (indigenous Malay) tycoons.’
    • ‘Chinese people are often successful in business, but local rules in Malaysia and Indonesia restrict their activities through the bumiputra system.’
    • ‘He is also worried about the drug problem affecting mainly bumiputra (Malays and other indigenous races): There are 300,000 registered addicts and another 300,000 under the influence of drugs.’
    • ‘Abdullah, who has called his ideas the new Malay dilemma, continued to complain that the favored bumiputra businessmen were crowding out their smaller counterparts.’
    • ‘Together with other indigenous groups, they are called bumiputras and have been afforded special economic and educational benefits.’
    • ‘A government announcement that bumiputras control only 19 per cent of national wealth after 40 years of statehood cemented many Malays' belief they still need government assistance to catch up with the Chinese, who control 38 per cent.’
    • ‘Such contracts, projects and permits, by their nature limited in number, can only be divided among a few and this inevitably causes resentment both among the majority of bumiputras as well as the non-bumiputras.’


Malay, literally ‘son of the soil’.