Meaning of byssinosis in English:


Pronunciation /ˌbɪsɪˈnəʊsɪs/


mass noun
  • A lung disease caused by prolonged inhalation of textile fibre dust.

    ‘This drop - sometimes accompanied by symptoms of byssinosis - is greatest on Monday (or the 1st day back to work after a break), and may disappear later in the work week.’
    • ‘Endotoxin - already proven to be strongly associated with byssinosis among workers exposed to cotton dust - was also present in the Indian jute mill studied.’
    • ‘One epidemiologic study found that cotton mill workers with byssinosis had increased nonspecific airway hyperresponsiveness compared with coworkers without byssinosis in the same mill.’
    • ‘Some investigators have found evidence of byssinosis among jute mill workers, others have found no evidence, and some results were inconclusive.’
    • ‘The questionnaire was based on his byssinosis study and emphasized work-related symptoms such as chest tightness, cough, sputum production, breathlessness, day of occurrence, duration, and relationship with work.’


Late 19th century from Latin byssinus ‘made of byssus’ (from Greek bussinos) + -osis.