Meaning of caliphate in English:


Pronunciation /ˈkalɪfeɪt/ /ˈkeɪlɪfeɪt/


  • 1historical The rule or reign of a caliph or chief Muslim ruler.

    ‘the Umayyad caliphate in Damascus was overthrown by the Abbasids’
    • ‘In AD 656, after the assassination of Uthman, the third caliph, Ali ascended to the caliphate.’
    • ‘The caliphate was replaced by an independent local dynasty, the Aghlabids, in 800.’
    • ‘As long as the Caliphate remained strong, Armenia continued to prosper, and a new Bagratid kingdom was established as a centre of manufacturing and trade.’
    • ‘In the eighth century, the Abassid caliphate established its capital at Baghdad.’
    • ‘It was during the caliphate of Hazrath Umar Farooq that Abu Sufyan died.’
    1. 1.1The area ruled by a caliph.
      ‘Cordoba was the thriving capital of the Caliphate of Cordoba that governed almost all of the Iberian peninsula’
      • ‘Swedish Vikings were active in the Baltic area, and also ventured into Russia and the Arab caliphate of Baghdad.’
      • ‘Their profits, partly from spices, sufficed to make Venice, Genoa, Florence, and other city-states almost as rich and powerful as the caliphate of Egypt.’
      • ‘From the ninth century onwards the Turks began to enter the Caliphate, not in mass, but as slaves or adventurers serving as soldiers.’
      • ‘Al-Andalus became the Caliphate of Cordoba (929-1031).’


Early 17th century from caliph + -ate.