Meaning of carbocation in English:


Pronunciation /ˌkɑːbəʊˈkatʌɪən/


another term for carbonium ion
‘Some examples of positively charged electrophiles are the hydronium ion, nitronium ions, metal ions, and carbocations.’
  • ‘All carbocations are strong alkylating agents with a high affinity for groups which donate or share their electrons, such as halide ions, hydroxyl anions and amines.’
  • ‘The resulting esters generate carbocations that react with DNA.’
  • ‘The methyl carbocation, CH 3 + is the least stable carbocation.’
  • ‘Therefore, all such red-shifted pigments are believed to be highly delocalized, bond-equalized carbocations.’


1960s from carbo-+ cation.