Main meanings of centum in English

: centum1centum2

centum1

Pronunciation /ˈsɛntəm/

noun

rare Indian
  • A group or collection of a hundred things (especially poems, songs, etc.) or (rarely) people; a hundred.

Origin

Mid 19th century; earliest use found in William Taylor (1765–1836), reviewer and translator. From classical Latin centum hundred from the same Indo-European base as hund.

Main meanings of centum in English

: centum1centum2

centum2

(also kentum)

Pronunciation /ˈkɛntʊm/ /ˈkɛntəm/

noun

Linguistics
  • Attributive Designating a group of chiefly western Indo-European languages having (voiceless) velar plosives (as in Latin centum) where cognate words in the eastern group have sibilants; relating to or characteristic of this group. Contrasted with satem .

    It is disputed whether this division reflects a dialectal split in early Indo-European.

Origin

Late 19th century; earliest use found in Classical Review. From classical Latin centum hundred, after German Centum-, (now usually) Kentum- (chiefly in Centumsprache, (now usually) Kentumsprache centum language), with reference to those Indo-European languages in which it is assumed that the Indo-European palatalized voiceless velar plosives (as in Latin centum) did not become sibilants.