Meaning of Cham in English:


nounCham, Chams

  • 1A member of an indigenous people of Vietnam and Cambodia, who formed an independent kingdom from the 2nd to 17th centuries AD.

    • ‘Eighty-four per cent of the population are ethnic Vietnamese, 2 per cent ethnic Chinese, and the remainder are Khmers, Chams, and members of some sixty ethno-linguistic groups each with its own language and culture.’
    • ‘His rule is remembered as glorious by present-day Cham.’
    • ‘In recent years the Cham have cultivated links to Muslims in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Arabic countries.’
    • ‘Other significant ethnic groups include the Cham, Chinese, Hmong, Khmer, Muong, and Tai, though none of these groups has a population over one million.’
    • ‘The southern portion constituted the empire of the Cham, Champa, and part of the Khmer, or Cambodian, territory.’
    • ‘‘Lord, we come into your presence and we ask that you would give us a fresh sense of your burden and your love for Muslim people, especially the Cham,’ says Love.’
    • ‘The Cham speak their own language and practice Islam.’
    • ‘Cham villages are usually comprised of only Cham.’
    • ‘Most are ethnic Cham - fishermen and traders from the Mekong River delta converted to Islam by Malay and Arab merchants.’
    • ‘He and his wife both grew up in villages along the Mekong River in an area of Kampong Cham Province rich with ethnic Cham and Cambodian Chinese.’
    • ‘In 1471 Champa was conquered by the Vietnamese, and many Cham fled to Cambodia.’
    • ‘A large community of ethnic Cham, converts to Islam, live in close proximity to Hoa Hao village.’
    • ‘The Khmer Rouge tried, without much success, to recruit the Cham during the struggle with the Khmer Republic.’
    • ‘In the twentieth century, the Cham were again the victims of massacre by the majority population, this time in Cambodia.’
  • 2mass noun The Austronesian language of the Cham, with about 230,000 speakers.

    • ‘They speak Cham, and keep the old Cham traditions.’
    • ‘They speak Western Cham, a Malayo-Polynesian language that uses an old Devanagari script; the alphabet in which many modern Indian languages are written.’
    • ‘Among tribal languages, Cham is the most important.’


  • Relating to the Cham, their culture, or their language.

    • ‘Words in the Cham language contain up to three syllables.’
    • ‘‘Please pray for the Cham people,’ he asks his classmates.’
    • ‘We went out to My Son for a tour of the Cham ruins and again I was struck by the technological advances made so early on, in particular the absolutely immense number of uniform bricks.’
    • ‘The Cham sites are holy places built between the 7th and 10th century.’
    • ‘The Cham towers, which sit perched on the town's outskirts, are a place for the locals to come and pray.’
    • ‘Angkor Thom, the capital city built after the Cham sack of 1177, is surrounded by a 300-foot wide moat.’
    • ‘Cham dress is distinctive.’
    • ‘A Cham marriage involves little ceremony.’
    • ‘The ancient Cham civilization was divided geographically into four regions’
    • ‘Only recently has there been a revival of Cham national pride, spurred on by governmental promises of ethnic freedom.’
    • ‘Most still speak the Cham language, which belongs to the Austronesian family [and appears most closely related to the language of Aceh, Indonesia], but all are bilingual in Khmer.’