Meaning of citole in English:


Pronunciation /sɪˈtəʊl/


  • A lute-like medieval stringed instrument, forerunner of the cittern.

    ‘The proliferation of bagpipes suggests that drone accompaniment was popular, as does the depiction of fiddle and citole players plucking their lowest string with the left thumb while using a bow or plectrum in the other hand.’
    • ‘There is definite documentary evidence that both the citole and the gittern were normally strung in gut.’
    • ‘The citole is the medieval guitar, known only from pictures in manuscripts and statues on churches.’
    • ‘Some iconographic citoles have tailpieces, while on others the strings attach directly in the trefoil area.’
    • ‘The Cittern, a Renaissance instrument that may be a descendent of the citole, is equipped with metal strings.’


Late Middle English from Old French, based on Latin cithara (see cittern).