Meaning of compensation in English:


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mass noun
  • 1Something, typically money, awarded to someone in recognition of loss, suffering, or injury.

    ‘he is seeking compensation for injuries suffered at work’
    • ‘a compensation claim’
    • ‘However, much of the debate has focused on the size of awards for injury, especially compensation for loss of earnings and for pain and suffering.’
    • ‘Last week in the High Court a senior counsel gave a similar impression in a case in which a woman sought compensation for injuries received when she fell in a hole while coming out of a concert.’
    • ‘The PIAB will adjudicate and award compensation for personal injury claims where liability is not disputed.’
    • ‘Every year, thousands of Australians who suffer an injury seek compensation.’
    • ‘Asbestos injury compensation claims have been backing up in the court system for years; the fund has been proposed as a way to resolve claims more quickly.’
    • ‘A specialist lawyer in personal injury and compensation claims said he could also lose financially since some of his victims may be able to sue.’
    • ‘Over the last 10 years, compensation claims for work-related injuries in Ontario have diminished.’
    • ‘She has a worker's compensation claim for stress-related injuries, she says.’
    • ‘That does not take away his right to seek compensation for the injuries he suffered.’
    • ‘Katie decided to use her injury compensation money to set up a clean-up campaign and now dedicates her life to fighting for models' rights.’
    • ‘The public perception, reflected in a series of recent surveys, is that we are now far more likely to seek compensation for perceived injuries than we were a decade ago.’
    • ‘Workers wanting to claim compensation for injury to their feelings had their hopes dashed yesterday after a ruling by the highest court in the land.’
    • ‘He told the tribunal board of two men - both wearing suits and ties - and a woman, that he was seeking compensation for injury to his feelings.’
    • ‘He was also seeking compensation for injury to his feelings.’
    • ‘He further claimed compensation for injury to his feelings, alleging that his human rights had been breached.’
    • ‘Right now, most people who claim compensation for injury feel they have the moral right to it.’
    • ‘However, the criminal injuries compensation board made the award after a three-hour hearing.’
    • ‘However, it is likely that victims will continue to use the common law to seek compensation for stress-related injuries.’
    • ‘Every year, hundreds of members are awarded compensation for injuries and trauma suffered.’
    • ‘It will take the form of a tribunal where plaintiffs can seek compensation for injuries sustained.’
    recompense, repayment, payment, reimbursement, remuneration, requital, indemnification, indemnity, redress, satisfaction
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    1. 1.1The action or process of awarding compensation.
      ‘the compensation of victims’
      • ‘In terms of the victims' compensation, the Attorney and I have spent some time this week working on a new model to assist in compensation for the victims.’
      payment, settlement, compensation, damages
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    2. 1.2Something that counterbalances or makes up for an undesirable or unwelcome state of affairs.
      ‘the grey streets of London were small compensation for the loss of her beloved Africa’
      • ‘getting older has some compensations’
      • ‘The weightless comedy of quirkiness offers its own compensations.’
      • ‘But there are abundant compensations for the loss in temporal immediacy.’
      • ‘Alternatively or in addition, it could be that these people become involved as a compensation for being deprived, relative to their counterparts, of access to the rewards of the larger society.’
      • ‘But the blackberry bushes bore a crop so heavy and luscious that I could spend an hour harvesting the fruit from a single bush, there's life in the strawberries yet and the raspberries are just coming on stream, so there were compensations.’
      • ‘Sometimes this job has its compensations.’
      • ‘But she has compensations: there's never a dull moment; she's always read everything; the clothes she gets sick of and passes on are fantastic, as are the presents from far-flung lands.’
      • ‘Still, it has its compensations; it's great to be at home, it's great to have people calling in on you, and most of the time I'm not working anyway when I shout at them for coming into the room.’
      • ‘The structure that the L.D.C.A. organisers have set up for the fortnightly 30 over competition is for a midday start with a few compensations for the winter conditions.’
      • ‘But there are compensations and new friendships, especially with 14-year-old Finn, who is part of the festival scene but also keeps his distance from it.’
      • ‘But the flurry of leaves gave way to camellias the colours of bridesmaids' frocks, a reminder that in nature, as in life, every season has its compensations.’
      • ‘But being 6ft 7in and 16 stone is not without its compensations.’
      • ‘But we have compensations - we have tourism and the associated factors so we need to build on that and not be despondent.’
      • ‘There's plenty of compensations though: spontaneity, surprising synchronicities, and no mean amount of magical happenings.’
      • ‘And though the work is hard, there are compensations.’
      • ‘Still, there are compensations, aren't there?’
      • ‘Still, autobiography may be the land of the invented past but, when the person is interesting enough and the life is large enough, the compensations are considerable.’
      • ‘Being a cabbie, though, has its compensations.’
      • ‘There were compensations, however: most writers in whose paragraphs I poked my nose were happy with my interventions.’
      • ‘The drift towards fiction has its compensations.’
      • ‘While it is little compensation to the victims, it is also positive that this is clearly a natural disaster, one not polluted by the hatred endemic to terrorism.’
      counterbalance, equipoise, counterweight, stabilizer, compensation, recompense, ballast, makeweight
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  • 2The process of concealing or offsetting a psychological difficulty by developing in another direction.

    ‘The principle of compensation is the key concept of Jungian psychodynamics, in that it is central to Jung's understanding of how the psyche adapts and develops in the course of the life cycle.’
    • ‘Some deep psychological compensation for my ineradicable temperamental wimpiness is at work.’
    • ‘Work devoid of opportunities for participation can lead to strain and escapist behaviour as compensation for the sense of helplessness.’
    • ‘Natural recovery from balance system dysfunction is mediated by a process of central adaptation known as compensation.’
    • ‘He was examining the whole issue of damages, including compensation for the psychological hurt and suffering that parents had experienced.’
  • 3mainly North American The money received by an employee from an employer as a salary or wages.

    ‘send your CV and current compensation to Executive Search Consultant’
    • ‘Most companies say they use the funds for employee benefits or executive compensation.’
    • ‘The illustration would show ISU employees their total compensation, salary plus benefits.’
    • ‘The institution also provided compensation to employers for salaries paid to employees on sick leave after the first eight days.’
    • ‘That's easy to answer: it's going to corporate profits, to rising health care costs and to a surge in the salaries and other compensation of executives.’
    • ‘This initially took the form of the Redundancy Payments Act of 1965, which obliged employers to pay compensation to employees who were made redundant.’
    • ‘The employee does receive extra compensation like insurance, plus noncash benefits like office space and equipment.’
    • ‘His actions have proven, yet again, that contracts are no longer a guarantee of services for a period of time, but merely a tool for employers to extract compensation once their employees get a better offer elsewhere.’
    • ‘Executives received millions in compensation for their companies' superior performance.’
    • ‘The shift means that more of an employee's compensation comes from bonuses, commissions, profit sharing, or stock options, and less from salaries.’
    • ‘But the companies get a deduction, because the gains count as employee compensation, a deductible expense.’
    • ‘I am a secretary at my church and receive compensation on a salary basis.’
    • ‘Probably the most dramatic comparisons are for profits and employee compensation.’
    • ‘The foundation will use the collected money to pay salaries, social contributions and compensations to employees upon the sale.’
    • ‘The FLSA sets minimum wages, overtime compensation for work exceeding forty hours, and restrictions on child labor.’
    • ‘An employer may deduct up to 25% of eligible compensation paid to employees for the year.’
    • ‘The reliance on the wage base for funding reflects an earlier economy in which wage compensation dominated.’
    • ‘But I think the executive compensation is completely out of hand.’
    • ‘He is asking for $425,000, the equivalent in salary and compensation he would have received over two-and-a-half years.’
    • ‘Contributions made by your employer are based on compensation that you would have received had you not been an active member of the armed forces.’
    • ‘Overall employee compensation has gone up - but mostly due to a surge in bonuses and stock-option exercises.’
    salary, wages, wage, pay, earnings, fee, fees, remuneration, take-home pay, gross pay, net pay
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/ˌkɒmp(ə)nˈseɪʃn/ /ˌkɒmpɛnˈseɪʃn/


Late Middle English via Old French from Latin compensatio(n-), from the verb compensare ‘weigh against’ (see compensate).