Meaning of coquina in English:


Pronunciation /kɒˈkiːnə/


  • 1mass noun A soft limestone of broken shells, used in road-making in the Caribbean and Florida.

    ‘The limestone changes from conchiferous sandstones to consolidated coquina limestone.’
    • ‘The best Doral course for hammer-down ball-chasing turned out to be the Great White, where the fairways are flanked by vast waste areas filled with crushed and compacted coquina shells - an ideal surface for Le Mans-style oversteering.’
    • ‘Norman's trademarks - fast fairways, tight lies around the greens, no rough, transition areas of coquina shells, and sod-wall bunkers - are all on display.’
    • ‘Blocks of coquina were quarried for the Castillo from pits in present-day Anastasia State Recreation Area and then ferried by barge across Matanzas Bay to St. Augustine.’
    • ‘A seawall comprising coquina faced with granite to the high water mark protected the eastern fort walls from the tides of Matanzas Bay.’
    • ‘Constructed of coquina, a fossilized coral rock (also known as ‘black teeth’ or ‘iron shore’) and limestone, the cathedral dominates the city's Plaza de Catedral.’
    • ‘The fairways are lined with pine straw, stacked sod wall bunkers and coquina sand waste bunkers.’
    • ‘Camacho recognized two thick layers of coquina, containing silicified fossils, at the base and at the top of the section.’
    • ‘Lothagam is a more restricted area and its strata are older-late Miocene to early Pliocene, overlain unconformably by Quaternary sands, gravels, and coquinas.’
    • ‘Merriam also noted that bioclastic beds occurred in the Susan Duster Limestone Member, and that the shell fragments were so numerous as to constitute a coquina.’
    • ‘Mortar for the coquina blocks was made of lime from burnt oyster shells, mixed with sand and water.’
    • ‘Four intensive collecting trips conducted in 2003-04 yielded 153 species of plants in 129 genera of 61 families, including 56 species growing on the coquina walls of the fortress.’
    • ‘Water seeping through the coquina walls evidently provides adequate moisture and nutrients for these mosses and vascular plants.’
  • 2

    (also coquina clam)
    A small bivalve mollusc with a wedge-shaped shell which has a wide variety of colours and patterns.

    Genus Donax, family Donacidae: several species

    ‘I walked the tide line to find the morning's washed-up gifts; stepped carefully between jellyfish the size of dinner plates; dug for escaping mole crabs and wiggling coquinas in hand-made tidal pools.’
    • ‘But one of the most familiar inhabitants that stays up near the action is a small clam known on Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico beaches as the coquina and on the Pacific coast as the bean, or wedge, clam.’
    • ‘The angled brooms that first come in contact with the coquina shells loosen them and then the second set of brooms, which aren't angled, provides the finishing touches to a smooth and well-maintained waste bunker.’
    • ‘In its place are acres of crushed coquina - shell waste areas, tall sandy moguls and stretches of pine straw beneath scattered pines.’
    • ‘Bullen and Sleight analyzed the shellfish content of Green Mound and reported that it was comprised of shells of oyster, clam, coquina and other species of shellfish.’
    • ‘Razor Clams, coquina, and other shellfish we no longer use today, were dug at the tide line.’
    • ‘Florida coquina clams normally are not exploited as a food resource by humans today; however, archaeological sites in northeastern Florida attest to the fact that preColumbian people consumed vast quantities of coquina clams.’


Mid 19th century from Spanish, literally ‘cockle’, based on Latin concha (see conch).