Meaning of cotton in English:


Pronunciation /ˈkɒt(ə)n/

See synonyms for cotton on

Translate cotton into Spanish


mass noun
  • 1A soft white fibrous substance which surrounds the seeds of the cotton plant and is made into textile fibre and thread for sewing.

    ‘a cargo of cotton and wheat’
    • ‘I dressed quickly and simply in a white dress of soft cotton.’
    • ‘It is woven of white wool with red cotton piping.’
    • ‘While drying thousands of pounds of black and white cotton clothing, she slowly monoprinted texts on the lint trapped against the screen.’
    • ‘The material was always soft like silk or cotton.’
    • ‘Men wear a thob, a simple ankle-length robe of wool or cotton, usually in white or earth tones.’
    • ‘A bride, as in early days, wears a white robe woven of white cotton by her uncles.’
    • ‘They are usually very lint free, usually cotton, are very soft and durable and wash very well!’
    • ‘For those who appreciate quality cotton and silk textiles, this show is a must.’
    • ‘His breeches were an expensive black velvet, but his shirt was a common white cotton with a neat and fashionable ruffle.’
    • ‘Wear clothes that are made from natural fibres like cotton, linen and silk; they allow your skin to breathe.’
    • ‘Always handle the prints with white cotton, lint-free gloves.’
    • ‘How about his superbly comfortable walking shorts in sunflower yellow, sky blue, burnt orange, tan, and white cotton?’
    • ‘Costumes featured pink headdresses and women in white cotton dresses.’
    • ‘Once inside he removed his shirt, replacing it with the white cotton one his mother had made him earlier that month.’
    • ‘For rust stains on white cotton, gently scrub the area with lemon juice and let the sun bleach it.’
    • ‘Finally the ash falls on his white cotton slacks and he sweeps it with his hand in an absent-minded manner.’
    • ‘The company uses rayon or soft cotton for the shirts and can meet any size request.’
    • ‘The materials used are silk, silk organza, cotton, brocade and velvet.’
    • ‘The pure white cotton she wore was sullied and ragged from thorns of cactus and scrambling over hard rocks of the narrow pass.’
    • ‘There were different weaves in jute and blends of jute with cotton and silk.’
    1. 1.1often as modifier Textile fabric made from cotton fibre.
      ‘a white cotton blouse’
      • ‘Handwoven cotton cloth is sewn into wraps for women and tunics for men, as well as into blankets.’
      • ‘Today, dedicated to report-writing, I was wearing a cotton blouse and linen skirt.’
      • ‘Warm up the stock over a gentle heat, so it liquifies completely, then strain it carefully through muslin or a cotton cloth.’
      • ‘Billions of tiny whiskers create a thin cushion of air above the cotton fabric, smoothing out wrinkles and allowing liquids to bead up and roll off without a trace.’
      • ‘If stripes aren't your style, experiment with other casual fabrics, such as cotton duck, denim, and corduroy.’
      • ‘By the 1990s, cotton denim and other fabrics had become popular for everyday wear.’
      • ‘Fabric with a high cotton content will shrink - even if it says it is pre-shrunk.’
      • ‘These hand-woven cotton blankets were also worn regularly.’
      • ‘Showrooms for the hand-woven cotton saris exist in old buildings, and prices are reasonable.’
      • ‘They were fine clothes, silk slips in peaches and pinks, cotton blouses and linen suits.’
      • ‘Consider earth tones of all kinds, and different kinds of fabrics like cotton flannel, faux leather, warm chenille, and luxurious velvet.’
      • ‘The government therefore imposed restrictions on the import, and even wearing, of cotton cloth to protect the woollen textile industry.’
      • ‘Everyday chemises were made of white, hand-woven cottons.’
      • ‘References in ancient history indicate that an amazing variety of costumes made of silk and cotton fabrics were used in India.’
      • ‘She always wore flowery, full-length skirts with a cotton blouse.’
      • ‘To make the final selection, we are washing wool and cotton textiles in a normal conservation process, rinsing them and then subjecting the samples to light and heat to replicate the effects of ageing.’
      • ‘Natural fibers such as cotton shouldn't develop static or stay hard.’
      • ‘Both fabrics wick perspiration away from your skin while natural fibers like cotton and wool tend to get damp and clammy with sweat.’
      • ‘Natural fibers like cotton and some wool can stand up to the scrutiny of a cheaper price tag.’
      • ‘And short flax fibers can be blended with cotton or other fibers to make medical products such as bandages.’
    2. 1.2Thread made from cotton fibre.
      as modifier ‘a cotton reel’
      • ‘Toy cotton reels or buttons can be sorted by colour or threaded on to laces, while plastic pegs can be used for pattern-making and counting.’
      • ‘The coils sit on cotton reel spools that are placed on the plastic ribs that make up the ovoid shape.’
      • ‘If there's more than one tray, place four cotton reels strategically so that you can stack one tray on top of another.’
      • ‘The new sign also reflects the industrial history of the area, showing mills, looms and cotton reels.’
      • ‘The answer to the problem of protecting plants while not trapping the wings of sparrows on strands of cotton is quite simple.’
      • ‘Pick a loose strand of cotton off the back of someone's jacket or trouser leg or something.’
      • ‘The photographer scattered cotton reels on our billowing skirts and we pretended to weave some kilts for our wild Scottish blokes out there in the hills.’
      • ‘He could see Mac's estate car ahead, slowing to negotiate its way between the skips full of crew's refuse, discarded palettes and giant empty cotton reels.’
      • ‘Not only is it good for dental hygiene but it can also be used as a clothes line, cotton for darning clothes or string for tying things up.’
      • ‘They do not shoot out of the spaces between the vertebrae (the tower of cotton reels that makes up your spine) and produce pain that way.’
      • ‘In a small tin in the bottom of the pillowcase she finds needles and cotton and between sips of her tea and another pipe, she darns the holes in the hessian bag with those same deliberate tiny stitches.’
      • ‘Fear not, you won't be needing a needle and cotton.’
      thread, cotton, wool, fibre, filament, strand
    3. 1.3North American Cotton wool.
      ‘Once they conceive a quilt, the fabrics are chosen, cut up and combined using organic cotton wadding.’
      • ‘Fluid may be cleaned from the connection sites with cotton swabs, if needed.’
      • ‘Cotton swab palpation of areas outside the vulvar vestibule result in minimal pain.’
  • 2

    (also cotton plant)
    The tropical and subtropical plant that is commercially grown to make cotton fabric and thread. Oil and a protein-rich flour are also obtained from the seeds.

    Genus Gossypium, family Malvaceae: many species and forms

    ‘The cotton plant is very sensitive to low available soil K.’
    • ‘Although the cotton plant can tolerate leaf damage and tip boring up to 50 per cent before yield is reduced, it is more susceptible to pest damage than most crops especially in the rainy season.’
    • ‘A period of 6 weeks is required for a cotton plant to complete opening of all bolls.’
    • ‘Either the genes for making silk could be genetically engineered into microorganisms or something similar could be done with cotton plant genes.’
    • ‘The protein, made by a gene transferred to the cotton plant by gene-splicing techniques, is toxic to certain insects but not to humans or other mammals.’
    • ‘For example, a cotton plant could be protected from certain pests by being engineered to carry a particular gene that kills the pests.’
    • ‘The £240,000 sculptures each depict a different stage in the life of a blooming cotton plant.’
    • ‘One day, during a lunch break, I found a semblance of shadow under the branches of a cotton plant, lay down and opened a notepad.’
    • ‘Thinking back, the impression I have is of a cotton plant painted silver.’
    • ‘Each sculpture represents a different stage in the development of the cotton plant.’
    • ‘Four main crops are soya, maize, cotton and oilseed rape.’
    • ‘Thanks to plant breeding and irrigation, commercially grown cotton produces very high yields.’
    • ‘Those in the tropical forests also grew cotton and plants used for medicinal purposes.’
    • ‘They have grown everything from sunflowers, poppies and hollyhocks to corn, cotton, potatoes, coconuts and dandelions.’
    • ‘Finally enterprising farmers who produced a surplus could sell their excess for coin, invest in more land, and grow cash crops like cotton and tobacco.’
    • ‘On the other hand, he explained that the current hunger in his area was due to people concentrating on growing cash crops such as cotton instead of maize.’
    • ‘Southwest Georgia is best known for its pine trees, cotton fields and peanuts.’
    • ‘Rarely did Sadie find herself bent over rows and rows of white cotton, batting away flies and wiping the sweat from her brow.’
    • ‘Fiber is removed from cotton at the gin stands, then foreign matter and other contaminants are removed by the lint cleaners.’
    • ‘Sassenrath says her ultimate goal is to determine fiber quality on-board the picker and have the cotton classed right there in the field.’

Phrasal Verbs

    cotton on
    • Begin to understand.

      • ‘you're full of sensational ideas, but other people may be slow to cotton on’
      • ‘he cottoned on to what I was trying to say’
      • ‘In identifying that sport can act to promote social inclusion, it perhaps was years ahead of the government, whose social-inclusion partnerships are barely beginning to cotton on to the fact.’
      • ‘However, it seems many firms are beginning to cotton on.’
      • ‘English divers are beginning to cotton on to the underwater delights of Ireland's Atlantic coast.’
      • ‘I could never understand why people didn't cotton on.’
      • ‘‘My dogs can cotton on to certain words in English or in Welsh, there's no doubt about it at all.’’
      • ‘Domestic consumers in particular in the city have failed to cotton on to certain intricacies of the new tariff plan, though their ignorance could hardly hurt the interests of the Board!’
      • ‘Vienna may now be second only to Paris as art-history capital of Europe, but city-breakers have yet to cotton on to the fact, and many of its stupendous exhibits are mercifully uncrowded.’
      • ‘I didn't cotton on to the fact it was a Hotel restaurant, otherwise I probably would not have jumped at the suggestion so eagerly.’
      • ‘You're full of sensationally liberating ideas, but this week other people may be slow to cotton on.’
      • ‘Once adults cotton on to them they stop using them.’
      • ‘When supermarkets in Britain started running out of cheap cooking oil it took a while to cotton on to what was happening.’
      • ‘And then you cotton on to the fact it's probably the weakest track on the new album, but still almost close to perfection.’
      • ‘Why wouldn't it be the case that only the quickest students cotton on and answer all the questions?’
      • ‘Given this it's probably going to be a wee while yet before employers cotton on to why you appear to be so engrossed in your work.’
      • ‘The only thing that surprises me is that it has taken advertisers so long to cotton on to the possibilities.’
      • ‘‘If you believe in yourself for long enough, someone will cotton on.’’
      • ‘I'm sure it's only a matter of time before the big clubs cotton on to him.’
      • ‘These ‘young’ students cotton on straight away.’
      • ‘But even though there is little outward show of anything metaphysical going on, my cats quickly cotton on to what I am doing.’
      • ‘If more students cotton on to the potential savings from overseas online purchases, however, the price picture will change.’
    cotton to
    North American informal
    • cotton to somethingHave a liking for something.

      • ‘his rivals didn't cotton to all the attention he was getting’
      • ‘I never quite cottoned to his replacement.’
      • ‘Of course, once Joe cottoned to this idea of visual stimulation, he completely threw himself into it.’
      • ‘The government could reduce other spending, but that will be difficult because all government spending is backed by well-organized interest groups who do not cotton to proposed cuts.’
      • ‘The irony of the whole thing is that staying put has been very helpful for my kid, but now he's one of the ‘oldtimers’ clique at school who don't cotton to letting the new kids in!’
      • ‘My kid knows me too well to imagine I would actually awaken him if he really fell asleep, so he didn't cotton to trying to nap in his room.’
      • ‘Most European leaders don't cotton to nicknames too well.’
      • ‘I don't cotton to the ex saying anything like that to our child.’
      • ‘She can't stay with my Mom because my Mom has this behemoth of a cat that doesn't cotton to other felines in the vicinity.’
      • ‘I'm sure you can imagine how New Yorkers cotton to hearing that when they're working in tall buildings.’
      • ‘Fans enjoy the comfort of familiarity and don't cotton to corrections in cast, tone, or circumstances.’
      • ‘But as I've never cottoned to either team, I'll concede my sympathy to the unrepresented taxpayers who foot the stadium bills.’
      • ‘Although I've never cottoned to it, but it's still the kind of song 90 per cent of songwriters would be proud to pen.’
      • ‘And I don't cotton to you messing with her, you hear?’
      • ‘And what an introduction it is: much like Jones himself it's an entertainingly naïve, indignant, and jealous document that helps one to immediately cotton to Jones.’
      • ‘I don't cotton to people telling me when and where I can go.’
      • ‘The result is a more emotionally accessible, less regimented film that should appeal to thriller lovers who don't usually cotton to his eccentricities.’
      • ‘But Freddie didn't cotton to that newfangled stuff.’
      • ‘Should one cotton to the music, this is a far handier and more thoughtful bonus inclusion than those discs that simply package the soundtrack audio on the DVD itself.’
      • ‘But they don't cotton to notions of ‘maturity’ and such anyway.’
      • ‘But despite that continued use, no prescriptivist has ever condemned it as a solecism, perhaps because it's hard to cotton to.’


Late Middle English from Old French coton, from Arabic quṭn.