Meaning of crown in English:


Pronunciation /kraʊn/

See synonyms for crown

Translate crown into Spanish


  • 1A circular ornamental headdress worn by a monarch as a symbol of authority, usually made of or decorated with precious metals and jewels.

    ‘Room after room of the Armoury reveals incredible riches, including the imperial crown, mace and sceptre of the Tsars.’
    • ‘Several months earlier Sir Henry Mildmay had been summoned to give an account of the whereabouts of the crowns, robes, sceptres and jewels.’
    • ‘His golden crown, laden with jewels, sat on his chest.’
    • ‘This is a rare example of a once popular print and presents a traditional representation of the monarch with crown, orb and sceptre, the instruments of monarchical power.’
    • ‘Her vivid jade eyes matched the emeralds that decorated her crown.’
    • ‘Shifting from one cramped position to another, she caught a glimpse of Malcolm, looking very princely in his crown and royal robes.’
    • ‘The crown and sceptre, still used to inaugurate the new king or queen in England, are symbols of the supernatural power that resides in the monarch.’
    • ‘On his head was placed a gold crown which was also set with sapphires.’
    • ‘I saw him reach over me and I felt him place the crown on my head.’
    • ‘Both of them had gold crowns on top of their heads.’
    • ‘He had a very wrinkled face and protruding white hair under his golden crown.’
    • ‘A congressman brought the crown on a velvet cushion.’
    • ‘He was an imposing figure, and for all that he wore no crown or sign of office, one could not have mistaken his rank, nor his authority.’
    • ‘When the king's magic crown is stolen, his magic kingdom is plunged into crisis.’
    • ‘She stood up and placed a tall spiky crown on her head.’
    • ‘I rolled my eyes at him, while he put the golden crown on top of my head.’
    • ‘Hundreds of ancient artifacts were stolen, including manuscripts, gold crowns, crosses and chaises.’
    • ‘She lowered herself onto her own ornamental throne and did her best to appear regal although her head could barely hold the unaccustomed weight of her gold crown.’
    • ‘Mines in the neighbouring hills area have produced lead, silver and gold, including gold that was used in the making of a crown for James V and his queen.’
    • ‘I smiled as he took the hat off of my head and replaced it with the crown.’
    coronet, diadem, tiara, circlet, chaplet, fillet, wreath, garland, headband
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1the CrownThe monarchy or reigning monarch.
      ‘their loyalty to the Church came before their loyalty to the Crown’
      • ‘Our claim has been made to Her Majesty, the Crown, not the Government of Queensland.’
      • ‘He also asserted the crown's power with an iron will, though, particularly when he embarked on the great adventure of separating the English church from that of Rome.’
      • ‘British liberal and opposition writing up to 1789 concentrated almost entirely on the dangers of the excessive power of the crown.’
      • ‘The Sejm possessed full legislative powers, and the crown could issue laws only with its consent.’
      • ‘But he kept his kingdoms in peace at home and abroad, he preserved the powers of the crown, and he held the church firmly to a middle course.’
      • ‘The assumption of direct power by the crown was not wholly welcomed by settlers.’
      • ‘He was conscious of the power of the crown to excite the popular imagination and opposed attempts by some of his colleagues to reduce the civil list: the monarchy was nothing if it was not splendid.’
      • ‘James remains as one of the most successful rulers of Scotland, extending the powers of the crown over the Church and to the Highlands and the Isles.’
      • ‘Cromwell was lead out to the block and read his sentence, something about treason against the crown and some other things the Privy Council thought up.’
      • ‘In colonial America loyalists to the crown were called Tories.’
      • ‘Feudal armies were not permanent institutions, but temporary assemblies put together by the crown for specific objectives.’
      • ‘By the time Queen Victoria came to the throne, the crown's power had declined so much that the Queen found that she couldn't even choose her own ladies of the bedchamber.’
      • ‘However, they were most likely commissioned by the French crown to decorate the splendid buffet at the wedding banquet and then given to the couple.’
      • ‘The inventories of the wedding presents given by the crown to royal brides show the popularity of boxes decorated with enamels.’
      • ‘Nominal damages of one shilling were awarded to the crown, which had claimed 100 pounds.’
      • ‘Thus at the demise of the clergyman, the title and lands would revert back to the crown to be awarded to someone else.’
      • ‘The crown employed the first Ghanaian doctor in 1887.’
      • ‘The soldiers were ready to spill the blood of the people to enforce the rule of the crown.’
      • ‘Some historians credit her involvement in the War of 1812 as the turning point which led to peace between American forces and those loyal to the British crown.’
      • ‘Disguised as a priest, he escaped to America, where he proudly proclaimed himself a republican revolutionary and a traitor to the British crown.’
      monarch, sovereign, king, queen, emperor, empress, tsar, tsarina, prince, princess, potentate, head of state, leader, chief, ruler, lord, overlord
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2An ornament, emblem, or badge shaped like a crown.
      ‘shiny covers embossed with gold crowns’
      • ‘The new badge comprises of a crown, harp, shamrock, laurel leaf and torch and scales with the cross of St Patrick as a centrepiece.’
      • ‘Kingston's first-ever coordinated Christmas street lighting was on December 3, 1979 in Market Place and Fife Road consisting of 16 shimmering gold crowns.’
      • ‘The flag has a horizontal red stripe on top, and a wider white stripe with a gold crown surmounted by seven stars in the middle.’
      • ‘They are flags, one of which is a Union Flag, while the other bears the royal crown, regimental badge, motto, and battle honours.’
      • ‘The stolen items were a Scottish claymore, about 4ft long and kept inside a sheath, and a sword hidden inside a walking stick, with an emblem showing the letter B and a crown.’
      • ‘Inside of it was a gold crown with a heart with two hands holding it carved into the middle.’
      • ‘The stainless steel barrel has a neatly recessed muzzle crown.’
      • ‘We got the team jerseys, Dee made a really nice silver, black, and white crown for it.’
      • ‘Eighteen candles, plus one to grow on, on a pink-and-white princess cake, decorated lavishly with fake jewels and mini crowns.’
      • ‘Amazing wood decorations depicting cherubs, crowns and wreaths of flowers surround marble fireplaces.’
      • ‘Ornaments carved in bas-relief presented flowing full figures, cherubs, flowers, and crowns.’
      • ‘It bore a crown on a purple cushion and a wreath of white flowers with the message: ‘In Loving Memory, Lilibet’.’
      • ‘Its web site says it has four crowns from the English Tourist board, which doesn't actually award crowns: it gives either stars or diamonds depending on the kind of accommodation being rated, so that really should have given us a clue.’
      • ‘Other scenes showed the genies of France and the king lifting a royal mantle from the ground and a winged victory with crowns and a trumpet.’
      • ‘An emaciated, rake of a lackey with crowns on his lapels kept ushering supplicants and victims into the Secretary's panelled office.’
      • ‘He is currently making inroads in African-American churches, and is spearheading a drive to take crosses out of the churches and have them replaced with crowns.’
    3. 1.3A wreath of leaves or flowers, especially that worn as an emblem of victory in ancient Greece or Rome.
      ‘The awards for the winners have also changed over time; in Ancient Greece the champions were given wild olive leaf crowns to wear, as at the time, the olive was a very valuable plant.’
      • ‘Wearing a traditional costume - a crown of reddish leaves and flowers, necklace and a beaded red bracelet - Taroi leads the men in a chant.’
      • ‘The girls of Warcop carry their crowns of flowers, which they traditionally gather the previous day, and the boys hold rushes made in the shape of a cross.’
      • ‘In the third bowl are flowers, reminiscent of the crowns of flowers offered to women and the garlands offered to men.’
      • ‘She also found a crystal jeweled tiara, some tiny pink ballet slippers, and a crown of colorful silk flowers.’
      • ‘She ignored him and began to make a flower crown.’
      • ‘He has a crown of flowers that supposedly only the pure and chaste can see.’
      • ‘The mother receives a crown of flowers and gifts of beer and money.’
      • ‘She had drawn her mother wearing a beautiful white dress, with a crown of leaves on her head.’
      • ‘Her eyes were as dark a green as the crown of leaves in her long sandy brown hair.’
      • ‘The crown of braided flowers slipped backward from my brow, blossoms tangling in the golden twinings of my hair.’
      • ‘Lisa and I were to read together that evening, so I spent the afternoon weaving a crown from the maple leaves on the lawn of my b-and-b.’
      • ‘Upon his graceful head was a crown of golden leaves.’
      • ‘It was mainly emerald green, but the green separated at the waist to show some red, right underneath my chest was a gold cord, and I had a crown of flowers in my hair.’
      • ‘The victors of the Olympic Games in ancient Greece were awarded crowns made of olive branches.’
      • ‘In the daytime she ran in the fields, the cool grass between her toes, a crown of flowers atop her head.’
      • ‘A crown of leaves rests on his head, proclaiming him king and guardian over the garden and the house.’
      • ‘I wore a mask of gold, and a crown of olive leaves in my hair.’
      • ‘The winners were presented with a garland of flowers and floral crown.’
      • ‘‘Hello, Mr. Talley,’ said a little girl wearing a freshly made crown of daisies.’
      coronet, diadem, tiara, circlet, chaplet, fillet, wreath, garland, headband
      View synonyms
    4. 1.4An award or distinction gained by a victory or achievement, especially in sport.
      ‘the world heavyweight crown’
      • ‘If she claims an eighth crown over two laps, it would be a championship record.’
      • ‘The great Floyd Patterson was the last 17-year-old to win an Olympic crown in 1952 when he took the middleweight title.’
      • ‘The truth is that France only have themselves to blame for the most pathetic defence of the crown in World Cup history.’
      • ‘But he has bounced back to his best in 2004, regaining his world crown and now becoming Olympic champion.’
      • ‘Three county titles and a Leinster crown is no mean achievement for such a young club.’
      • ‘For Britain's Denise Lewis, the challenge to her Olympic heptathlon crown also comes in the shape of a youthful and seemingly invincible opponent.’
      • ‘The judges, who were impressed with her physique, posing skill and stage presence, wasted little time in awarding her the crown.’
      • ‘Have you ever seen a World Heavyweight Champion be so careless with his crown?’
      • ‘The 35-year-old added the world title to his Olympic crown and his world record and admitted afterwards that there is more to come.’
      • ‘The Ethiopian adds the world crown to the Olympic title he won at Sydney last year.’
      • ‘He said the Zambian squad was ready to wrestle the title from defending champions South Africa who won the crown in 1999.’
      • ‘Archie went back to defending his light heavyweight crown stopping the highly regarded Tony Anthony in seven rounds.’
      • ‘He successfully defended his Olympic crown in a new Olympic record time of 14: 43.40.’
      • ‘The rematch, should it proceed, will be a defence of his two junior middleweight crowns.’
      • ‘The West Central Division has always contended but has never captured the coveted team crown.’
      • ‘Now Bill is planning one more shot at regaining his world crown.’
      • ‘He is launching an audacious bid to reclaim the British crown.’
      • ‘With just seven races left in the season he is now a strong favourite to lift his fourth world crown.’
      • ‘He became a hero in the US for wresting the world chess crown from Soviet domination during the Cold War.’
      • ‘Regaining the Commonwealth 1500m crown in Manchester drained her physically and emotionally.’
      title, award, accolade, honour, distinction, glory, kudos
      View synonyms
  • 2The top or highest part of something.

    ‘the crown of the hill’
    • ‘What they uncovered eventually at the crown of the hill was a huge, oval-shaped monument measuring about 170 metres at its widest point.’
    • ‘With a sense of drama and spectacle, the Incas often built on the crown of a ridge.’
    • ‘He walked to the rounded crown of the hill, he procured a metal box from his backpack, unhooking it from a solar battery, and set it down on the earth.’
    • ‘It occupies the crown of a big hill, and it is so hush-hush that it doesn't have a name that I can tell you or that anyone would tell me.’
    • ‘She was standing beside Telli on the crown of Horn Hill.’
    • ‘Our campsite sat on the crown of a gentle hill.’
    • ‘When he reached the crown of the hill, the guard shouted out to him.’
    top, crest, summit, peak, pinnacle, tip, head, brow, cap, brink, highest point, zenith, apex, ridge
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1The top part of a person's head or a hat.
      ‘his hair was swept straight back over his crown’
      • ‘If you're out for a big night and want some serious volume, spray some super-hold hairspray at the crown of your head and backcomb your hair to give it an extra lift.’
      • ‘Relax the most resistant hair first, which is usually at the back of the head or at the crown.’
      • ‘Spray a bit of hair spray onto the crown of your hair and backcomb to give it some volume.’
      • ‘Can't quite imagine yourself with your hair gathered loosely at the crown with tousled waves flowing down your neck… but like the idea?’
      • ‘Her friends alerted her to the guy's attention, and she casually pushed her sunglasses to the crown of her head and gave him a genuine smile.’
      • ‘With your hands by your hips, reach down into the earth with your fingertips as you lift up through your spine and the crown of your head.’
      • ‘Now many guys are flashing their crowns, whether they're losing hair or not.’
      • ‘She smiled, leaning her cheek on the crown of his head.’
      • ‘After washing and conditioning your hair, comb it from the crown to the ends and let it air-dry.’
      • ‘Unwind by sitting quietly and mentally scanning your body from the crown of your head down.’
      • ‘Under the harsh light, the long tufts of golden brown hair sprouting from the crown of his head reminded Lucy of a lion's mane.’
      • ‘He was leaning against the wall for support, his right arm and the crown of his head mottled with fermenting bruises.’
      • ‘For a messy look, tease the hair on the crown of your head, adding height.’
      • ‘Peter hugged her back and kissed the crown of her head.’
      • ‘He nodded down toward her and gently touched his lips to the crown of her head.’
      • ‘I felt him press his lips to the crown of my head, and in an instant, I fell into a dreamless trance, resting limply in his arms.’
      • ‘I pulled it all back, keeping it neat, and put it into a ponytail almost on the crown of my head.’
      • ‘A year or so ago, he was asked to advise a man who suffered from spiky hair at the crown of his head.’
      • ‘Hair at the front of the head was braided in diagonal cornrows from the crown to the ends.’
      • ‘I changed the outline of the cut to suit her face and gave her more height at the crown to complement her features.’
    2. 2.2The part of a plant just above and below the ground from which the roots and shoots branch out.
      ‘mulch should be mounded around the crowns of the shrubs’
      • ‘When potting African violets, take care to set the plant so that the crown is just above the surface and the soil is firmly pressed around it.’
      • ‘Where winter is severe, cut it back and mulch the crown to protect the roots.’
      • ‘Position the bare-root plants so the crown of the rootball is right at soil level.’
      • ‘Deep planting of clematis encourages the plant to form a vigorous crown of growth buds below the soil surface.’
      • ‘The plant crown should be set level with the ground surface.’
      • ‘In a few weeks, you'll have roots and you can plant the crown - make sure it's in well-drained soil.’
      • ‘Be sure to cover plants with a thick layer of organic mulch to stop any further heaving and to prevent additional drying to the crowns and roots.’
      • ‘The crowns send up shoots from a foot or so deep in the ground when the temperature or the soil or some cosmic signal tells it to.’
      • ‘The bacteria induce galls or tumors on the roots, crowns, or canes of infected plants.’
      • ‘Generally, you want water to reach everywhere within the plant's root zone, which may be as deep as 18 inches and as wide as the crown of the plant.’
      • ‘The plants die when the crown becomes infected causing the green to fade away.’
      • ‘Some broadleaf species appear dead after a fire but new sprouts quickly emerge from dormant buds in the root crown.’
      • ‘Early feeding occurs at the crowns and below the soil surface on the roots and stems of small plants.’
      • ‘Affected stands either fail to initiate spring growth or green up unevenly in March and then plants decline and eventually die due to infected crowns and roots.’
      • ‘When transplanting, be certain not to cover the crown of your plants as this will cause them to rot and die.’
      • ‘Harvest or shred plants to encourage new shoots from the crown as quickly as possible.’
      • ‘The larvae of root weevils feed on strawberry roots and crowns, which can weaken, stunt, or kill plants.’
      • ‘They also may infect buds or new shoots being formed at the crowns of healthy plants in the summer.’
      • ‘Ideal in a cool garden scheme, perhaps with a blue underplanting, is the seldom seen Eucomis, known as the Pineapple Lily because of the tuft of green leaves on the crown of the flower stem.’
      • ‘This disease can attack buds, stems, leaves and crowns.’
    3. 2.3The upper branching or spreading part of a tree or other plant.
      ‘an erect evergreen tree with a dense crown’
      • ‘During dryer intervals lightning strikes started fires even on the low-lying areas where they may have spread through the crowns of the trees.’
      • ‘The many foresters in the group moved slowly as well, squinting up at the crowns of the trees, feeling bark and leaves and identifying the many species we walked among.’
      • ‘The largest trees were retained as to remove these with their large spreading crowns would damage surrounding trees during felling.’
      • ‘As the disease kills the lower branches of larger trees, their crowns become very thin and umbrella shaped.’
      • ‘Today we have forests choked with small trees, which burn easily and act as ‘ladder fuels,’ carrying fire into the crowns of surrounding larger trees.’
      • ‘He made regular trips to remote parts of the Amazon rainforest, where seasonal floods produce a bizarre drowned world in which fish feed in the submerged crowns of trees.’
      • ‘The previous factory used to boast a road lined with camphor trees, whose crowns shaded the whole road.’
      • ‘Why does the crown of a tree take a particular shape?’
      • ‘A tree crown develops through the repetitive production of shoots.’
      • ‘On one side, dense underbrush built up after years of fire prevention allows a blaze to leap to the crowns of trees, spraying burning fuels across a fire line.’
      • ‘City officials plan to enhance the pine canopy by thinning out thickly planted forests to give older longleaf pines more room to spread their crowns.’
      • ‘Because the frequent fires burned ground litter and brush, the fires seldom climbed into the crowns to kill mature trees.’
      • ‘When the fires were intense enough to burn the crowns of the trees, these animals had nowhere to go.’
      • ‘Built in the crowns of trees as high as 70 feet, the nests have a nasty tendency to topple.’
      • ‘They also pruned tree crowns, removed dead limbs, conditioned the soil, and mulched tree bases.’
      • ‘The bats frequently roosted under sloughing bark that was left loosely attached to the top of the snag after the original crown of the tree fell.’
      • ‘It's better to thin the entire crown of the tree.’
      • ‘The trees have a dense, upright oval to round crown with a broad spread that stretches at least as wide as the tree stands tall.’
      • ‘Those trees had thick, healthy-looking bark, rich crowns now bright gold, and broad bases; clearly they were old familiars of wind and rain, processes with which they themselves are integral.’
      • ‘Above them, a crown of newer branches grows upward.’
    4. 2.4The upper part of a cut gem, above the girdle.
      ‘The bezel setting can either create a smooth, flush, appearance, or leave the gem's crown exposed for extra drama.’
      • ‘As light passes through the crown of the diamond its path is bent and it is reflected from one facet to another inside the diamond.’
  • 3The part of a tooth projecting from the gum.

    ‘a thin layer of enamel covers the crown’
    • ‘There are two parts to a tooth: the crown, which is covered by enamel and is the visible part of the tooth, and the root, which lies underneath the gums.’
    • ‘The outer layer of enamel is an extremely hard, highly mineralized, crystalline structure that covers and protects the crown of the tooth.’
    • ‘Each tooth is divided into a crown that projects into the mouth and a root that is embedded into the jaws.’
    • ‘Teeth form mainly from neuroectoderm and comprise a crown of insensitive enamel surrounding sensitive dentine and a root that has no enamel covering.’
    • ‘Defects that occur during the development of the enamel of the tooth crown are quite commonly encountered in the archaeological record.’
    • ‘In fact, at birth the crowns of the milk teeth are almost complete and the chewing surfaces of the permanent molars have begun to form.’
    • ‘All you need to do is push and pull at the crown of the tooth with your tongue.’
    • ‘Enamel, the hardest tissue in the body, covers the dentin and forms the outermost layer of the crown.’
    • ‘This species is distinguished by the cutting-edges on its flattened tooth crowns, which are otherwise unknown among ichthyosaurs.’
    • ‘The crowns of the cheek teeth are relatively simple, with transverse basins separated by enamel ridges.’
    • ‘When the tooth is found, it is important to handle it only by the crown and not at the root end.’
    • ‘The tooth crowns range in size from 21 to 30 mm (measured at a right angle to the plane formed at the base of the enamel).’
    • ‘This polished section of a tooth crown reveals figure-eight patterns of the blue mineral vivianite, a phosphate of iron.’
    • ‘For decades, dentists have had ways and means of replacing the tooth crown, but not the root.’
    1. 3.1An artificial replacement or covering for the upper part of a tooth.
      ‘emergency treatment for loose crowns’
      • ‘Artificial tooth supports surgically set in the jaw are used in combination with bridges, dentures and crowns to replace any number of missing teeth.’
      • ‘The crowns, bridges or dentures are generally easily replaced, providing the implant underneath is not damaged.’
      • ‘Non-routine dental expenses, including crowns, bridgework, periodontal and orthodontic treatment, do qualify for tax relief.’
      • ‘His $3-million business, CQC Dental Laboratory, which makes dental crowns and dentures, faced new pressures.’
      • ‘Probably the most important development in dentistry, implants can be used singly, to support a crown, or in groups to stabilise dentures or bridges.’
      • ‘He had no tattoos or other distinguishing body marks but he had two crowns on teeth to the front of his right upper jaw, possibly suggesting an accident or sporting injury.’
      • ‘He required a long course of treatment to repair his teeth, including gum surgery, implants, bridges and crowns.’
      • ‘Your dentist can also give you advice about replacing your metal fillings and crowns with tooth-coloured ones.’
      • ‘The gold and platinum options provide 50% cover for serious restorative work, including crowns and bridges.’
      • ‘Some treatments, particularly cosmetic treatments like porcelain crowns, could be had for one third of the cost in the North.’
      • ‘Recently, I had some dental work done that called for putting temporary crowns on my two front teeth.’
      • ‘At the second appointment, your dentist will take off the temporary crown and cement the gold or porcelain one in place.’
      • ‘Your dentist (or a specialist called an endodontist) takes out the decayed pulp, fills the space with a paste, and covers the tooth with a crown to protect and seal it.’
      • ‘Tooth-colored resins are also more attractive. But in cases of fracture, extensive decay, or malformation of baby teeth, dentists often opt for stainless steel crowns.’
      • ‘I went to other dentists who flat out refused to fix my teeth with crowns because of my insurance.’
      • ‘Bleaching won't work on false teeth, crowns, veneers or fillings (including tooth-coloured fillings).’
      • ‘A mould is taken in a putty-like material so that the laboratory can make a crown that fits the tooth perfectly.’
      • ‘Root-filled teeth are more brittle than live ones and in some cases your dentist may suggest placing a crown on the tooth to protect what remains of the tooth structure.’
      • ‘Barblow smiled revealing a gold tooth and many silver crowns.’
      • ‘When Ko reluctantly sat down in her new seat, the man next to her gave out a long, low whistle and grinned, exposing his six gaping teeth with a gold crown.’
  • 4

    (also crown piece)
    A British coin with a face value of five shillings or 25 pence, now minted only for commemorative purposes.

    ‘Croft twiddled a silver crown piece in his hand and examined it with great interest.’
    • ‘The medals are about the size of a crown piece, and they look too good to have been done as a joke.’
    • ‘There were farthings, pennies, oxfords, crowns, florins, shillings, guineas, and pounds, among other divisions.’
    • ‘It is interesting that he introduced the silver crown of five shillings which was the first English coin to have a date written in Arabic numerals rather than Roman numerals.’
    • ‘You have coins smaller than a crown there I believe.’
    • ‘However, there were also crowns, farthings, guineas and sovereigns, all in varying amounts and none really compatible with any of the others.’
    • ‘Visitors to the site will be asked to solve a series of puzzles to discover the location of five crown pieces.’
    • ‘Within a week I was on the border of the Old Kingdom, with nothing to my name but my clothes, a horse, and a few gold crowns.’
    • ‘He accepted 75,000 gold crowns, an annual pension of 50,000 gold crowns and a promise of marriage for his daughter to the Dauphin.’
    • ‘Cardan accepted over two thousand gold crowns but turned down the offer of a permanent place at the Scottish court.’
    • ‘The meeting was called to raise 2 million gold crowns to pay the ransom for the king's two sons held captive in Spain.’
    • ‘Forty crowns I can afford, but are you sure you would not have asked more if it was another who showed interest?’
    1. 4.1A foreign coin with a name meaning ‘crown’, especially the krona or krone.
      • ‘The prize, 75,000 Swedish crowns, is awarded annually in Stockholm.’
  • 5

    (also metric crown)
    mass noun A paper size, 384 × 504 mm.

    1. 5.1A book size, 186 × 123 mm.
      ‘The second surviving account book is a crown octavo cash book, single-cash lined in red ink by Scott, as previously, and carrying on the same recording and balancing practices as before.’
      • ‘The book is a limited edition in Fine condition, full black cloth with gilt, crown octavo.’
      • ‘The text was extensively altered for the second edition of 1875, and the format was reduced to the usual crown octavo.’
    2. 5.2A book size, 246 × 189 mm.
      ‘Nos.1 to 5 and No.7 are crown quarto in size with a 2-colour titled card cover.’
      • ‘It is in crown quarto format, with 384 pages and 163 black and white and colour illustrations, casebound with laminated dustjacket.’


[with object]
  • 1Ceremonially place a crown on the head of (someone) in order to invest them as a monarch.

    ‘he went to Rome to be crowned’
    • ‘she was crowned queen in 1953’
    • ‘It is ceremonially used in the act of crowning a King, Queen or other Sovereign.’
    • ‘As archbishop, he was close to William III and crowned Anne and George I, but, as a leading advocate of the Hanoverian succession, he was isolated by extreme Tories.’
    • ‘Before she left, she was crowned Queen, so that her marriage would then make Frederick King of Jerusalem.’
    • ‘Of course, if your sister were crowned queen, he would be just as pleased.’
    • ‘When she was crowned queen, she was very popular with the people of England.’
    • ‘Their courtship had only lasted three weeks, before she was crowned as Queen and Protector.’
    • ‘They were just getting ready to crown the King and Queen.’
    • ‘He couldn't bear the thought of losing two of his most faithful servants, servants who had served him since he was crowned prince.’
    • ‘Prince John plans, in his brother's absence, to usurp the throne and have himself crowned King.’
    • ‘In 1520 he was crowned Holy Roman emperor, and until he abdicated in 1556 his reign was troubled by religious disputes and wars.’
    • ‘On 22 December 1135, Stephen was crowned and anointed king at Westminster.’
    • ‘Following the death of Stephen's son, Eustace, he agreed that Henry should succeed him; he was crowned Henry II of England in 1154.’
    • ‘They are crowning the prince as their new king even though they no longer have a crown for him to wear.’
    • ‘He was never crowned emperor, being unable to leave Germany to go to Rome for the coronation.’
    • ‘When Charles was crowned in 1660, the monarchy owned just 1% of all land in Sweden.’
    • ‘When Henry died in 1135, Stephen rushed to London to get himself crowned king of England.’
    • ‘Romania became a kingdom in 1881, and Prince Carol was crowned king.’
    • ‘She would have to make some pretty drastic changes after she was crowned queen.’
    • ‘The deal offered was that John should come to Constantinople to be crowned emperor.’
    • ‘In 800, Charlemagne was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by the pope himself.’
    invest, induct, install, instate, ordain, initiate, inaugurate, enthrone, swear in
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with object and complement Declare or acknowledge (someone) as the best, especially at a sport.
      ‘he was crowned world champion last September’
      • ‘England return to Twickenham on Saturday for their first meaningful game at the home of the sport since being crowned world champions.’
      • ‘A year later, he was crowned WBU world champion, a title he would later be stripped of because he didn't have the finances to defend his crown.’
      • ‘Or will he be able to walk away from Australia knowing that he was still one of the greatest hurdlers that ever lived, regardless of whether he is crowned Olympic champion or not?’
      • ‘The team were crowned National league champions that year and recently celebrated the golden jubilee of that occasion at a dinner in Westport.’
      • ‘He first came to attention in 1992 when he was crowned world junior half-marathon champion, representing his native Ethiopia.’
      • ‘Competing against ‘in hand’ and ridden horses and ponies, she was crowned group champion to the delight of her watching family.’
      • ‘But he claims that he didn't really break through until 2002, when he was crowned Scottish champion.’
      • ‘Fay's winning time meant that she was crowned overall champion.’
      • ‘He was crowned world 100 km champion after completing the race in a new British record time of six hours, 24 minutes and 5 seconds.’
      • ‘Earlier this year, you were crowned the NWA world champion.’
      • ‘And so Serena Williams is crowned Wimbledon champion.’
      • ‘The Derbyshire-based athlete was crowned world champion in the individual pursuit in 2003.’
      • ‘A specialist on vault, she was crowned the Dutch National champion on this apparatus.’
      • ‘At the end of the season, we weren't crowned champions, but we knew we took a giant step forward.’
      • ‘In 2003 she was crowned European Champion and even stood on the top step of the Athens podium - having won a World Cup event there.’
      • ‘Greg sailed right through the amateur ranks, winning the Golden Gloves championships and being crowned Outstanding boxer.’
      • ‘Bruno's illustrious career began with him being crowned the youngest ever British Amateur Champion, aged 18.’
      • ‘Four people were crowned winners and four others received runner-up certificates in each category.’
      • ‘Bolton is tonight expected to be officially crowned the friendliest place in Britain.’
      • ‘He was crowned photographer of the year.’
    2. 1.2(in draughts) promote (a piece) to king by placing another on top of it.
      • ‘with his crowned piece he jumped them all’
  • 2Rest on or form the top of.

    ‘the distant knoll was crowned with trees’
    • ‘The railings are broken, the steps descending into Terrace Field are now so wonky that they are impassable to some less agile walkers and many of the trees that once crowned the hilltop have died or blown over.’
    • ‘The tops of the trees seemed to crown the water and all at once I knew exactly why my dad chose to live here.’
    • ‘The island's only village is adorned with whispering palm trees, wide spacious streets and a main square crowned by a vast Mexican-style church that seems plucked from a Clint Eastwood film.’
    • ‘Leaping copper flames, which have been gilded to reflect the sun's light with a fiery glow, crown the impressive structure, resting on a ten-foot Grecian tripod at the top of the column.’
    • ‘Tall metal stacks that rose above the trees were crowned by flickering flames of natural gas being burned off at several pumping stations.’
    • ‘They climbed out of the car at a pleasant-looking park set on a hill, crowned by leafy trees.’
    • ‘It felt cool under the tall trees crowned with thick bright green leaves.’
    • ‘They were at the top of a small hill crowned by a tree.’
    • ‘A circular middle section was until recently crowned with trees.’
    • ‘He was writing his own song on a crumpled piece of scented notepaper crowned with an ornate A.’
    • ‘Each of the two entrances has double doors crowned with a louvered fan; they are flanked by tall round-headed windows that rise to the second story.’
    • ‘Sha'ab Ata is at the far southern end of the uncharted area, crowned with a small beacon to warn anyone stupid enough to wander out of the nearby Port Sudan entry shipping lanes that the area is fraught with danger.’
    • ‘The home-made Pavlova was a delicious Drambuie-flavoured dish with fresh strawberries, meringue and cream, crowned with a wonderful hot berry sauce.’
    • ‘First came a gravlax-and-tuna combination, crowned with a net of Japanese seaweed salad in a strangely tangy mango vinaigrette.’
    • ‘After passing through a series of lines, we were gathered into a chain-link holding pen, crowned with barbed wire, adjacent to the men.’
    • ‘From Angouleme, a hilltop town crowned with medieval ramparts and dominated by a magnificent 12 th-century cathedral, the river is your guide.’
    • ‘The Big Man took on a fillet steak crowned with Achmore blue cheese (fresh from the dairy just six miles up the road) and crème fraîche glaze.’
    • ‘The lean meat was cut in slivers, arranged on crisp falafel cake, and crowned with a spoonful of tangy green-pepper relish.’
    • ‘It is a tall pillar, crowned with an eight-meter sculpture.’
    top, cap, tip, head, surmount, overtop
    View synonyms
  • 3Be the triumphant culmination of (an effort or endeavour, especially a prolonged one)

    ‘years of struggle were crowned by a state visit to Paris’
    • ‘The success of these efforts was crowned with the signing of the 1953 treaty establishing the European Defence Group.’
    • ‘The committee are hoping for a fine weekend to crown their efforts.’
    • ‘For the special forces, British and American, his capture would crown their efforts and make the three-month campaign worthwhile.’
    • ‘Just as he has done so many times before, Deacon struck the kick sweetly, the ball sailing directly between the uprights to crown one of the most memorable comebacks in Super League history.’
    • ‘It would be the first treble of his 10-year career and a great way to crown one of his best campaigns.’
    • ‘This film is without question the director's crowning moment.’
    • ‘The general public might assume that a humanitarian mission's crowning moments are like those experienced by Major Mark Johnson on 6 August 2003.’
    • ‘He deserves immense credit for his untiring efforts; we hope they will be crowned with success.’
    • ‘The only pity was that he didn't actually crown his display with the goal his efforts and skills merited.’
    • ‘Moments later he crowned what has been a wonderful - if at times unfulfilled - career when he accepted the Andy Merrigan cup on behalf of his club.’
    • ‘This crowning moment represents the culmination of years of planning, hard work and solid investment performance.’
    • ‘If he was successful in going back there with a Scotland team, it would be one of the crowning moments of his career.’
    • ‘‘I never want to look back on an album and think that that was the crowning moment and that everything has been downhill from there,’ adds Adrian.’
    • ‘It was a crowning moment on four years of preparation.’
    • ‘The crowning moment of my skirmishes with style was when I went out in a maroon sweatshirt on impulse and wasn't laughed at in the street.’
    • ‘It should have been a crowning moment in the undergraduate career of an exemplary St. Thomas student.’
    • ‘Government approval for the new campus is the crowning moment in the history of the University of Bath in Swindon.’
    • ‘Murphy crowned another incredible afternoon by making it a four-timer on Distant Prospect in the last.’
    • ‘Whilst the Czech republic will knock out an overrated French side to book a July 4th date with Italy it will the Azzuri who finally lay their ghosts to rest with a crowning triumph in the final.’
    • ‘The return of Kavanagh after a long absence due to injury is a big bonus for Heys at this stage of the season and he almost crowned his return with a goal when a long distance shot hit the underside of the bar before rebounding to safety.’
    • ‘In 1954, Pauling's many achievements were crowned with the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.’
    round off, top off, cap, be the culmination of, be the climax of, be a fitting climax to, add the finishing touch to, add the finishing touches to, perfect, consummate, complete, conclude
    View synonyms
  • 4Fit a crown to (a tooth)

    ‘simple fillings no longer suffice and the tooth has to be crowned’
    • ‘Then it was home for about 8 hours sleep, then up to Hornsby to see the dentist and finish crowning my tooth (and extracting $1, 000 from my wallet).’
    • ‘This, in turn, necessitated a visit to the dentist who said the cracked tooth could be crowned.’
    • ‘It is necessary that once the treatment is done the teeth should be crowned else they would become brittle in no time.’
    • ‘In order to place a conventional bridge, teeth on either side of the missing tooth must be crowned.’
    • ‘Is it necessary to crown my tooth after pulp treatment?’
  • 5 informal Hit on the head.

    • ‘she contained the urge to crown him’
    hit over the head, hit on the head, hit, strike, buffet, bang, knock, thwack, slug, welt, cuff, punch, smash
    View synonyms
  • 6no object (of a baby's head during labour) fully appear in the vaginal opening prior to emerging.

    ‘I was able to see our baby's head crowning’
    • ‘It was an easy labour and, within five hours, Filipa was fully dilated and the baby's head was crowning.’
    • ‘The baby's head is crowning.’
    • ‘I want to ask my doctor to take off his glasses so that I don't have to be confronted with my own reflection, but at this point the baby's head is crowning and I can feel my body stretching around her skull.’
    • ‘There are numerous straight-on shots of heads crowning, with subsequent gushes of body fluids, including blood.’
    • ‘As the head crowns, an episiotomy may be cut but likely increases the risk of third- and fourth-degree tears.’


    crowning glory
    • 1The best and most notable aspect of something.

      ‘the scene is the crowning glory of this marvellously entertaining show’
      • ‘Though her subsequent world titles established the Australian at the pinnacle of her event, the crowning glory was an emotionally charged Games in 2000 when she realized a childhood dream.’
      • ‘Cities are considered the crowning glory of a country and cultural heritage resources are the jewels in the crown which need to be treasured, preserved and revered by custodians of the culture.’
      • ‘Its 101 titles include the Sheffield Star, the Lancashire Evening Post and the Wigan Evening Post, while its crowning glory is the Yorkshire Post, one of Britain's most respected dailies.’
      • ‘His crowning glory was of course in 1977 when he supervised the building of our beautiful new Church of Christ, The Prince of Peace at Fossa, set close to the heavenly woodland shores of Lough Lein.’
      • ‘When he died, on Tuesday, he controlled a business empire worth more than £20m that included his crowning glory: Edinburgh's Point Hotel and Conference Centre.’
      • ‘The Skipton School of Art and Media is the crowning glory of 100 years of art education at the college and represents the biggest development for arts and media education in Craven and the surrounding district.’
      • ‘The crowning glory of the regeneration group's work has been the huge success of the Market House which has been developed to offer a wide range of community facilities.’
      • ‘The 1996 Commonwealth Games title was his crowning glory.’
      • ‘Funds poured into a restoration appeal and the Iona Community is now a world-famous centre for religious pilgrimage, with the restored abbey its crowning glory.’
      • ‘Since the 1790s, Bedford and his father had been creating a gallery of classical and neoclassical sculpture and The Three Graces was its crowning glory.’
      1. 1.1mainly humorous A person's hair.
        ‘he had a great mass of raven hair and he was very proud of this crowning glory’
        • ‘Average height, chunky but not fat, with this long, dark, beautiful, shiny hair, her crowning glory you might say, that she sometimes wore in a bun or let loosely lay around her shoulders.’
        • ‘It was the vibrant flame of her hair, her crowning glory, which made her so instantly recognizable.’
        • ‘Penny's crowning glory is her beautiful, natural blonde hair and she was petrified she would lose it as a result of the cancer treatment.’
        • ‘Anna had a banner of blue-black hair that was truly her crowning glory.’
        • ‘Your hair can indeed be your crowning glory if you treat it right!’
        • ‘The elderly men and women who assembled in the city on Wednesday to celebrate World Elders Day could hardly complain about lack of attention simply because their crowning glory was silver and their skin, somewhat wrinkled.’
        • ‘While the elements - wind, rain or humidity - are blamed by some women, others say they just don't have the time needed to create a crowning glory out of otherwise lank locks each day.’
        • ‘Members of Devizes School's under-16 football squad raised £400 by sacrificing their crowning glory on Friday.’
        • ‘A woman's crowning glory gets a new look this weekend.’
        • ‘Patricia was delighted to answer questions on any aspects of looking after our crowning glory!’
    to crown it all
    • As the final event in a series of particularly fortunate or unfortunate events.

      ‘it was cold and raining, and, to crown it all, we had to walk home’
      • ‘And just to crown it all, when I walked in I was hit by a wall of heat coming from my desk.’
      • ‘And then, to crown it all, the ‘DJ’ decided to do a sound check.’
      • ‘And to crown it all, if the chef's team does not get it right, he tells his head waiter to close the restaurant.’
      • ‘And to crown it all, new lights were installed on the Bowers Walk last Tuesday, between the bridge on Bridge Street and the footbridge further up the walk.’
      • ‘And to crown it all, the singer made a surprise appearance on stage.’
      • ‘At the end, to crown it all, there was a meal with the very best of food and drink.’
      • ‘There was, of course, no honeymoon, and to crown it all a telegram arrived at the end of the week recalling my new husband to his unit because the posting had been cancelled.’


Middle English from Anglo-Norman French corune (noun), coruner (verb), Old French corone (noun), coroner (verb), from Latin corona ‘wreath, chaplet’.