Meaning of cryptorchidism in English:


Pronunciation /krɪpˈtɔːkɪdɪz(ə)m/


mass nounMedicine
  • A condition in which one or both of the testes fail to descend from the abdomen into the scrotum.

    ‘The condition, known as cryptorchidism, or undescended testes, is related to the increase in the number of lower sperm counts, declining sperm quality and infertility.’
    • ‘They also reported that the incidence of testicular tumours, cryptorchidism, and hypospadias is increasing.’
    • ‘Previous disorders of the testes, such as cryptorchidism or spermatic cord torsion, or a history of inguinal, scrotal, or retroperitoneal surgery, are associated with subfertility.’
    • ‘All individuals had hypospadias, bilateral cryptorchidism, and evidence of mullerian duct derivatives, which was confirmed by laparoscopy.’
    • ‘About 20 percent of testicular tumors in men with unilateral cryptorchidism occur on the side with the normally descended testicle; this finding supports the argument against indiscriminate removal of undescended testes.’


Mid 19th century from crypto-‘hidden’ + Greek orkhis, orkhid- ‘testicle’ + -ism.