A Caribbean country, the largest and furthest west of the islands of the West Indies, situated at the mouth of the Gulf of Mexico; population 11,400,000 (estimated 2015); official language, Spanish; capital, Havana.
A Spanish colony, Cuba became nominally independent after the Spanish–American War of 1898 and achieved full autonomy in 1934. Fidel Castro led a communist revolution in 1959, and held the presidency until replaced by his brother Raúl Castro in 2008. The country suffered under a U.S. trade embargo and, after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Eastern bloc, lost much of its trade. Since 2014 trade and diplomatic relations with the USA have improved