Meaning of Cushitic in English:


Pronunciation /kʊˈʃɪtɪk/


  • Relating to or denoting a group of East African languages of the Afro-Asiatic family spoken mainly in Ethiopia and Somalia, including Somali and Oromo.

    ‘The vast majority of the languages spoken in the country can be classified within three families of the Afro-Asiatic super language family: the Semitic, Cushitic, and Omotic.’
    • ‘Arabic is a branch of the Semitic languages, which in turn belongs to the Afro-Asiatic language family together with Berber, Ancient Egyptian, Chadic, and Cushitic.’
    • ‘For several thousand years thereafter, migrations of Nilotic, Cushitic, and Semitic-speaking people entered Eritrea, and were among the first in Africa to grow crops and domesticate livestock.’
    • ‘The major language groups native to the region include Bantu in the west and along the coast, Nilotic near Lake Victoria, and Cushitic in the north.’
    • ‘The nine languages can be grouped into three major language families: the Nilotic, the Cushitic, and the Afro-Semitic.’


mass noun
  • The Cushitic group of languages.

    ‘Bilen is part of a larger Cushitic language subfamily called Agau.’
    • ‘The main indigenous languages are Afar and Issa-Somali, both of which belong to the Cushitic language group.’
    • ‘These include Khoisan, or ‘click ‘speaking hunter-gatherers, Nilotic-speaking pastoralists (such as the Maasai), Cushitic speakers, and Bantu speakers; the latter predominate in terms of population size.’’
    • ‘In a narrow strip on the western border of Ethiopia live the only people in the country who speak neither Semitic nor Cushitic languages.’
    • ‘Lastly, the unequal representation of Cushitic or Nilotic artists and their cultures cannot be dismissed.’
    • ‘The Cushitic family of languages are spoken by the Oromo peoples, the largest group in the central regions of Ethiopia.’
    • ‘In the Afro-Asiatic family of languages, Somali is an Eastern Cushitic language.’


Early 20th century from Cush+ -itic.