Meaning of dative in English:

dative

Translate dative into Spanish

adjective

Grammar
  • (in Latin, Greek, German, and some other languages) denoting a case of nouns and pronouns, and words in grammatical agreement with them, indicating an indirect object or recipient.

    ‘The Greek preposition had several meanings, depending on whether it governed the accusative, genitive, or dative case.’
    • ‘Sick's latest book is Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod, which features complaints about sporadic failures to use dative case marking according to traditional (?) principles.’
    • ‘A mantra is a kind of prayer that contains the name of God that is inflected grammatically in the dative case.’
    • ‘A common strategy in some languages is to construe the Stimulus as subject and the Experiencer in the dative case.’
    • ‘The nominal system distinguishes five cases: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative; the genitive and dative endings are always the same.’
    • ‘You'd expect the dative dual (with two hands) to be Cheiroin, but it is in fact almost always Cheroin.’

noun

Grammar
  • 1A noun or other word in the dative case.

    ‘The particular example of ‘word rage’ that Bob cited involves one of these missing datives.’
    • ‘Classical Mongolian had seven cases, all clearly distinguished, in contrast to Latin: nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, ablative, instrumental, and comitative.’
    • ‘‘Das Ereignis ‘and ‘die Kehre im Ereignis ‘were only two in a long line of titles for what must always already be the case if givenness and its dative are to come together at all.’’
    • ‘The versatility of Greek prepositions makes it difficult to distinguish between the locative and instrumental uses, or even the dative of reference.’
    1. 1.1the dativeThe dative case.
      ‘It is the quintessential use of the dative case, the dative of means, grammatically speaking.’
      • ‘The dative is used to designate an addressee (recipient). The dative is also used to show an object towards which an action is directed.’
      • ‘The first and most common use of the dative is as an indirect object.’
      • ‘The dative is also used for the person for whom the subject does something. This dative is often called the dative of advantage or disadvantage.’
      • ‘When the agent is a thing, not a person, the dative is commonly used whether the subject is personal or impersonal.’
      • ‘As students of the language may recall, German has four cases - nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative - which see words change in order to explain their relationship to each other.’
      • ‘PRO in this language can occupy a position that can be filled by a lexical NP, which is assigned dative or nominative Case, depending on the embedded verb.’

Origin

Late Middle English from Latin (casus) dativus ‘(case) of giving’, from dat- ‘given’, from the verb dare.

Pronunciation

dative

/ˈdeɪtɪv/