Meaning of demography in English:


Pronunciation /dɪˈmɒɡrəfi/

See synonyms for demography on

Translate demography into Spanish


mass noun
  • 1The study of statistics such as births, deaths, income, or the incidence of disease, which illustrate the changing structure of human populations.

    ‘However, these data are not likely to represent a ‘false positive’ sweep pattern caused by demography or population structure.’
    • ‘Currently, empirical studies of population demography are more frequently quantifying variances of parameters as well as mean values.’
    • ‘In demography, the study of population patterns, there is a saying that ‘behind most news stories is a population story’.’
    • ‘The study of demography and life-history evolution has a rich, theoretical foundation.’
    • ‘It is also becoming clear that more complex models of human demography must be considered, such as those incorporating geographic structure and changes in population size.’
    • ‘His paper is one of the most profound papers in both demography and population genetics.’
    • ‘From ecology and demography we know that population replacement can be relatively rapid (over a few thousand years).’
    • ‘In this study, we did not consider the effect of demography, such as population size bottlenecks and expansions.’
    • ‘The early articles discuss demography and life tables.’
    • ‘In 1994, the study of the demography of small areas took a leap forward through the establishment by Graeme Hugo of a computerised, geographical information system.’
    • ‘Food availability is well known to have important influences on population demography, distribution, and abundance.’
    • ‘Without baseline data on populations' disease status and how that may affect demography, it will be impossible to say whether or not increased effect of disease is likely to be a major concern.’
    • ‘The study population has been considered fairly representative of the Norwegian population for demography, socioeconomic factors, morbidity, and mortality.’
    • ‘However, many details of the historical demography of modern humans remain to be clarified and are subject to continuing controversy.’
    • ‘Survival probability is an important component of population demography.’
    • ‘Only one study has attempted to define the relationship between health and demography in the manner of the present study.’
    • ‘At the same time, the pre-industrial economy was constrained by internal barriers or limits in demography, disease, soil, climate, energy, and technology.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, this is a wonderful book to present the ideas of one strand of economic demography to a general readership.’
    • ‘Research seems to be sporadic in several other respects as well with the important exceptions of investigations in demography and family sociology.’
    • ‘As well as being a reader in demography at Oxford University, Coleman has published 90 papers and eight books on the growth and movements of populations.’
    1. 1.1The composition of a particular human population.
      ‘Europe's demography is changing’
      • ‘But no longer can a simple analysis be made of the state of race relations, as Britain's changed demography reflects new generations of multi-ethnic origins and heritage.’
      • ‘The founders of India took upon themselves to impart wider representation of social demography.’
      • ‘Do they know nothing of the political demography of their own country?’
      • ‘The real detonator for the Irish economic miracle is the country's demography.’
      • ‘To be sure, the territories share important commonalities of climate, geography, demography, economy and identity.’
      • ‘Historically, American demography fits into a three-stage progression characteristic of societies that now have low birth and death rates.’
      • ‘The chapter on population, for example, is careful to link a discussion of demography to questions of gender, education, and human rights.’
      • ‘The rate of population growth has distorted demography in many countries, where half the population are children.’
      • ‘Slave demography, social life and culture took different trajectories across the enslaved Americas.’
      • ‘Lloyd Robson's statistical analysis of the origins of the convicts, Convict Settlers of Australia, was begun as a doctoral thesis in demography at the Australian National University.’
      • ‘Reflecting the general demography of African Americans at that time, women comprised the majority of the church membership from the beginning.’
      • ‘Daniel Scott Smith is currently working on the social demography of the Northern military effort during the American Civil War.’
      • ‘His research focuses on the effects of demography and personality on social networks and performance.’
      • ‘As Norman Davies has shown in his brilliant volume The Isles, the dominant idea of Britishness has reinforced a fish-eye view of the demography, culture and geography of these islands.’
      • ‘Milwaukee's demography includes not only multiple white ethnic communities but also burgeoning Latino and Asian American neighborhoods.’
      • ‘As the demography of the local community changes, so must the shows presented on stage.’
      • ‘While the demography of these three markets is generally similar, there exist some differences.’
      • ‘In doing so, it opens up promising avenues for invigorating contact between corporate demography and the study of labor markets and inequality.’
      • ‘Dobson then slips into a captivating study of the historical demography of the southeast of England: Kent, Essex, and Sussex.’
      • ‘The Irish famine, from 1845 to 1848, was a unique event in modern European demography and its effects comparable to those of the Black Death.’


Mid 19th century from Greek dēmos ‘the people’ + -graphy.