Meaning of diatreme in English:

diatreme

Pronunciation /ˈdʌɪətriːm/

noun

Geology
  • A long vertical pipe or plug formed when gas-filled magma forced its way up through overlying strata.

    ‘Various architectures connecting extrusive mud volcanic cones to their underlying source layer have been described, ranging from bulbous diapirs to steep diatremes and narrow vertical pipes.’
    • ‘The only known igneous rocks in the area are Permian periodotite and lamprophyre dikes as well as diatremes of ultramafic composition associated with the Fluorite district.’
    • ‘The Sloan deposits proved to be uneconomic and were closed; however, the Kelsey Lake diatremes in Colorado opened in 1996 with high expectations.’
    • ‘To date, the only described mantle xenoliths from NW Namibia occur in an alnoite diatreme emplaced in the Mesozoic Okenyenya alkaline complex.’
    • ‘Lower crustal garnet granulite xenoliths from beneath the Kola-Karelian domain of the Fennoscandian Shield were brought to the surface in Devonian lamprophyre diatremes.’

Origin

Early 20th century from dia-‘through’ + Greek trēma ‘perforation’.