Meaning of diffraction in English:


Pronunciation /dɪˈfrakʃn/

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mass noun
  • The process by which a beam of light or other system of waves is spread out as a result of passing through a narrow aperture or across an edge, typically accompanied by interference between the wave forms produced.

    ‘This idea was forgotten about when the wave nature of light became apparent via diffraction experiments.’
    • ‘It is a fact of physics that all light beams suffer from diffraction; it was not thought that much could be done about it.’
    • ‘But once the circuit elements get down to sizes close to the wavelength of light, diffraction begins to blur the circuit patterns as they are projected.’
    • ‘This phenomenon is due to the diffraction of the electron beam by the material through which it passes.’
    • ‘However, because of the wave nature of light, focused light is subject to diffraction.’
    • ‘X-ray diffraction, electron microprobes, and single crystal studies would still be needed in most cases.’
    • ‘He related the amount of refraction of light, or diffraction of light, to its wavelength.’
    • ‘A diffraction grating can accomplish the same separation of colors because of diffraction.’
    • ‘Optically, pinhole images, because they are created by diffraction, are a recording of diffracted light.’
    • ‘The increase of experimental resolution in x-ray diffraction could open the way for the study of less dense aggregates.’
    • ‘The sample chamber could be rotated to alter the incident angle for both reflective and transmissive diffraction.’
    • ‘But the corona owes its origin to diffraction rather than refraction.’
    • ‘At the time of diffraction, the scale's grating causes the phase of diffracted light beams to change.’
    • ‘Lipid phase behavior and the dimensions of the multibilayer systems were analyzed by x-ray diffraction.’
    • ‘The other unit displays chaotic reflectors with large energy diffraction.’
    • ‘He encouraged her to continue her scientific work and she continued successful work on x-ray diffraction in the Department of Physics.’
    • ‘X-ray diffraction and time of flight neutron scattering confirmed the amorphous structure.’
    • ‘Even an in-focus image will exhibit some blurring due to the diffraction of light from the camera aperture.’
    • ‘The relevant law in this case governs the diffraction of light as it passes the edges of an opening such as a telescope aperture.’
    • ‘Upon stretching the fiber, all the meridian reflections are shifted toward small angles of diffraction.’