Meaning of diosgenin in English:


Pronunciation /dʌɪˈɒsdʒənɪn/


mass nounChemistry
  • A steroid compound obtained from Mexican yams and used in the synthesis of steroid hormones.

    ‘The naturally occurring plant sterol diosgenin from Mexican yams can be converted through a simple laboratory process called hydrolyzation into a steroid compound molecularly identical to human progesterone.’
    • ‘Dioscorea species contain the steroidal sapogenin called diosgenin.’
    • ‘While one of the components in wild yam, diosgenin, can be converted in the laboratory to steroidal compounds including progesterone, this synthesis does not occur in the human body.’
    • ‘Topical wild yam preparations, which contain diosgenin, and progesterone creams were tested.’
    • ‘The tuber from the wing-stalked yam is a valuable source of diosgenin.’


1930s from dios- (from the modern Latin genus name Dioscorea) + genin, denoting steroids that occur as the non-sugar part of certain glycosides.