Meaning of enema in English:


Pronunciation /ˈɛnɪmə/

See synonyms for enema on

Translate enema into Spanish


  • A procedure in which liquid or gas is injected into the rectum, to expel its contents or to introduce drugs or permit X-ray imaging.

    ‘A barium enema is a procedure, done through a special x-ray, for examining the large bowel.’
    • ‘No further deaths have been reported after procedures requiring barium enemas.’
    • ‘Barium enema, like colonoscopy, examines the whole colon and rectum, and, although it is cheaper and has a lower complication rate than colonoscopy, it is invasive and requires full bowel preparation.’
    • ‘The pouches may be noticed during a barium enema, when a liquid is inserted into the intestine through the anus and an X-ray of the abdomen is taken.’
    • ‘Before some types of X-rays, such as a barium enema, you're given a liquid called contrast medium, or a dye.’
    • ‘After a course of antibiotics I was to undergo a barium enema to check this diagnosis.’
    • ‘During a barium enema, a liquid mixture containing barium is given through a catheter tube into the child's rectum, and special X-rays are taken.’
    • ‘Other tests include stool testing and X-rays of the bowel, taken after a barium enema.’
    • ‘Colonoscopy is preferable to a barium enema because it allows for the biopsy and removal of lesions.’
    • ‘For this test, you are given an enema with a liquid that makes your colon show up on an x-ray.’
    • ‘A barium enema was performed preoperatively to define the anatomy of the duplicated colon, and it showed complete colonic duplication.’
    laxative, enema, aperient, lenitive, cathartic, evacuant


Late Middle English via late Latin from Greek, from enienai ‘send or put in’, from en- ‘in’ + hienai ‘send’.