1A form of lyric poem written in couplets, in which a long line is followed by a shorter one.‘Even the ‘archaic’ epodes are written in a style of painstaking elegance.’
- ‘What suggests that we are dealing with the portrait of an ethical ideal is the locution ‘Heureux celui qui’ [Happy the man who], recalling the sententious maxim (Beatus tile qui) that begins Horace's epode II.’
- ‘Other epodes take up motifs from other contemporary genres (elegy in 11 and 15, pastoral in 2) but with significant alterations of tone: Horace ironically breaks the high emotional level of the models with a detached and distant closure.’
2The third section of an ancient Greek choral ode, or of one division of such an ode.‘The dance consisted of three sections: strophe, antistrophe and epode.’
- ‘This was a ‘regular ode’ in that it closely followed Pindar's scheme of all strophes and antistrophes conforming to one stanzaic pattern, and all epodes following another.’
- ‘The epode, or ‘aftersong,’ typically involves some form of return, as if from a trance, a resurfacing or unearthing motion that completes the ritual and brings the excavated find or renewed sense of racial consciousness to light.’
Early 17th century from French épode, or via Latin epodos, from Greek epōidos, from epi ‘upon’ + ōidē (see ode).