Meaning of eukaryote in English:



(also eucaryote)
  • An organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus. Eukaryotes include all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaea.

    Compare with prokaryote

    ‘The condensin complex plays an essential role in chromosome condensation in all eukaryotes studied so far.’
    • ‘The condensin complex is essential for chromosome condensation in higher eukaryotes.’
    • ‘The bouquet structure of chromosomes is usually a transitory prophase stage in other eukaryotes.’
    • ‘Complete eukaryote chromosomes were investigated for intrachromosomal duplications of constitute a major part of the genome.’
    • ‘These proteins are expressed by all organisms ranging from prokaryotes to higher eukaryotes, including human cells.’



/juːˈkarɪət/ /juːˈkarɪɒt/


1960s from eu-‘easily (formed)’ + karyo-‘kernel’ + -ote as in zygote.