Meaning of Fanakalo in English:


Pronunciation /ˌfanaɡaˈlɒ/


(also Fanagalo)
mass nounSouth African
  • A lingua franca developed and used by the southern African mining companies, composed of frequently corrupted elements of the Nguni languages, English, and Afrikaans.

    ‘I know there's a huge debate around Fanakalo as a language but mineworkers use it.’
    • ‘Fanakalo is a linguistic manifestation of the polarisation between authority and subservience, consisting entirely of a set of commands and responses.’


1940s from Nguni fana ka lo, from fana ‘be like’ + the possessive suffix -ka + lo ‘this’.