Meaning of gacaca in English:

gacaca

(also gachacha)

Pronunciation /ɡəˈtʃɑːtʃɑː/

noun

  • In Rwanda: a system of social justice, based on traditional methods of conflict resolution, whereby community-elected judges try those accused of crimes committed during the genocide of 1994.

Origin

1970s; earliest use found in Universal Human Rights. From Rwanda gacaáca, denoting a place where people meet to reconcile neighbours from ga-, dissimilated variant of ka-, aka-, diminutive class prefix + -caáca (collective singular umucaáca) denoting the kind of grass often covering such meeting places.