(The title of) the ruler of the state of Baroda, India.
The Gaekwar dynasty ruled the princely state of Baroda (now Vadodara, Gujarat) from 1721 and throughout the period of British rule, until it was merged into the newly independent state of India in 1949.
Late 18th century; earliest use found in Treaty. From Marathi Gāyakvāḍ, the title used by a dynasty of maharajas, lit. ‘cowherd’.