Meaning of glass in English:

glass

Pronunciation /ɡlɑːs/

Translate glass into Spanish

noun

  • 1mass noun A hard, brittle substance, typically transparent or translucent, made by fusing sand with soda and lime and cooling rapidly. It is used to make windows, drinking containers, and other articles.

    ‘the screen is made from glass’
    • ‘a glass door’
    • ‘I closed my eyes and leaned against the cool glass window, feeling sick.’
    • ‘Silica is one of the basic materials of sand and it forms glass when it fuses.’
    • ‘For anyone who does not know, glass is a hard, transparent or translucent brittle material that does not dissolve is not flammable.’
    • ‘Also there was a long wooden table with benches on either side of it and a tall wooden cupboard with glass windows in the doors.’
    • ‘Verify that the sliding glass door and all windows are locked and secure.’
    • ‘The pub's big windows and glass door make it easy to see anyone in the street.’
    • ‘Interior windows and glass in doors allow maximum daylight but were sandblasted for privacy.’
    • ‘The metal used was a soft soda lime glass, which in inclined to pitting and will give a misleading impression of age.’
    • ‘Once the milk has cooled, pour it into glass containers and refrigerate immediately.’
    • ‘Drinks from plastic containers always taste different than those from glass containers.’
    • ‘Hard materials tend to be very brittle, take glass for instance.’
    • ‘I press my nose against the cool glass of the lobby door, and shade my eyes so I can see past the glare.’
    • ‘Marsh samphire, as noted above, is also known as glasswort from its former use in soda glass manufacture.’
    • ‘Householders across the district are being urged to take part in a major scheme to boost the amount of glass and cans recycled in Bradford.’
    • ‘The amount of glass recycled so far amounts to almost ten per cent of the waste produced by local households.’
    • ‘As the amount of glass used in a house increases, the energy efficiency usually decreases.’
    • ‘The police had expressed concerns about the amount of glass used in the building and its location near a road that could leave it vulnerable to a car bomb.’
    • ‘Around 600 car parking spaces are planned for the store, which has been designed using a large amount of glass fronting.’
    • ‘But in this case, the noise was kept down by balancing the amount of glass with drywall.’
    • ‘Soda is one of the most common ores of sodium found in nature and it was used very early in human history to make glass.’
    1. 1.1A substance similar to glass which has solidified from a molten state without crystallizing.
      ‘the black volcanic glass makes the beaches sparkle’
      • ‘A glass is a substance that is non-crystalline yet almost completely undeformable.’
      • ‘Trehalose may also stabilise tissues by trapping them in an immobile sugar glass.’
      • ‘They offer chemically inert fluid paths of Teflon, Kel-F, and borosilicate glass.’
      • ‘He suspects thieves may be responsible but he cannot understand what use they would have with the perspex glass.’
    2. 1.2Glassware.
      ‘we sell china and glass’
      • ‘The firm sells high quality china, glass and collectables.’
      • ‘There will also be antique glass, china, furniture and metalware on display.’
      • ‘Lesser items, such as old magazines, inexpensive glass and china ware, may just sit in boxes.’
      • ‘Books went well, as did glass and china ware on the White Elephant stall.’
      • ‘Their caravan is warm and homely, with glass and china neatly displayed.’
      • ‘Also up for grabs are china, glass and pottery by leading names Wedgwood, Foley, Staffordshire.’
      • ‘It sells ceramics, glass, silver, paper and pretty much anything that takes her fancy.’
      • ‘Some composites such as precious opal protected between layers of quartz or glass are sold as such.’
      • ‘Somehow, it seemed that one of their salesmen was selling far more glass than any of the other members of the sales force.’
      • ‘In addition, vinegar can be used to remove price labels from glass, wood, and china.’
      • ‘His hard work paid off when the antiques company sold him its entire collection of glass.’
      • ‘Not just for the traditionalist either; some of the modern china and glass designs are stunning.’
      • ‘He said his father, a china and glass merchant, was not particularly pleased when he announced he wanted to be an actor.’
      glassware, crystal, crystalware
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3Greenhouses or cold frames considered collectively.
      ‘lettuces grown under glass’
      • ‘Genetically engineer algae or other plant species to grow well under lunar conditions under filtered glass.’
      • ‘Flowers for shows earlier in the year are grown under glass at his address in Thorpe Audlin, Pontefract, but for Chelsea he had them growing in a tunnel.’
      • ‘The plants grown under glass were exposed to short treatments with supplementary UV-B.’
      • ‘The variety is even grown under glass in climates as inimical as the Dutch and British to provide grapes for the fruit bowl.’
      • ‘Keep pots in a sunny position but watch that leaves of plants under glass don't get sunburned.’
      • ‘Under glass you also need to reduce the amount of watering you do and increase the heat a little.’
  • 2A drinking container made from glass.

    ‘a beer glass’
    • ‘First of all, you should always be drinking quality beers out of a glass.’
    • ‘I once saw a girl drinking beer from a pint glass with a straw.’
    • ‘His picture decorates stickers, cigarette lighters, record sleeves, cups, beer glasses and so on - Che is omnipresent.’
    • ‘Both parties must then drink until the glass is dry, whether it contains alcohol or not.’
    • ‘Other superstitions hold that by continuing to drink out of a glass after the toast is to dilute that toast.’
    • ‘You pour the wine in a glass, and you drink it as you consume your meal - no tricks, no secrets.’
    • ‘In mitigation, he claimed he was so drunk he forgot the glass was in his hand.’
    • ‘The same, I'm told, was true as to proposals that fast-food restaurants use glasses rather than paper cups.’
    • ‘The writer was also extremely enthusiastic about the ‘good selection of wine and very large glasses to drink out of.’’
    • ‘Sure, we will all eat from different dishes and drink from different glasses, but we will all be able to agree that the meal is delicious.’
    • ‘I am so used to using plastic cups everywhere that the drink glasses seemed unmanageably heavy and got very cold from the ice!’
    • ‘No doubt a great deal of whisky is drunk in New York, but almost all of it, surely, is drunk from whiskey glasses?’
    • ‘She called for pubs and bars to serve all bottled drinks in glasses, to discourage drinkers from leaving the premises with them.’
    • ‘It has an important collection of 18th century drinking glasses, a tranquil walled garden and a garden tearoom.’
    • ‘We all lift our glasses and drink the wine down, afraid of what grandma will do if we don't follow through.’
    • ‘I still find it difficult to drink out of pint glasses at home.’
    1. 2.1The contents of a glass.
      ‘have a glass of wine’
      • ‘Before that fateful day, my partner was content with a glass of orange juice in the morning.’
      • ‘Unravelling the small package he brought with him, he tipped its contents into a glass of water.’
      • ‘I accompanied my meal with a glass of draught cider for £1.10.’
      • ‘A book that makes you want to find an armchair and a glass of good Burgundy, this is a pacy, well researched history with plenty of human detail to leaven the science.’
      • ‘Sit back, close your eyes, get some hummus and a glass of tinto de verano or mint tea, switch on the sun lamp and pretend you're anywhere but here - and warm.’
      • ‘Take 2 capsules with a large glass of room-temperature water at about 3pm.’
      • ‘OK, so if I now have a glass of juice, then I've had three today.’
      • ‘You know, from this angle it looks suspiciously like a glass of coke…’
      • ‘They go down very nicely with a glass of red wine.’
      • ‘If lunch up the mountain was good value (about £12 for a decent snack and a glass of wine), then dinner was even better.’
      • ‘The salad was slightly over-salted and consisted of peppers, olives, greens and tomatoes which we washed down with a glass of house white.’
      • ‘But there should have been chaise longues instead of seats; then we could lie back and enjoy the night with a nice glass of malt whisky to hand.’
      • ‘I don't want a glass of wine right now, but what if I did?’
      • ‘I'm certainly not going to try to say anything wise about a phenomenon that's at its most vivid after a supper of Roquefort, grapes and a glass of good port.’
      • ‘It's an hour's drive to my parent's house and I was eager to get home and pour myself a refreshing glass of Pineau de Charente, the local aperitif.’
      • ‘Perhaps you should have a glass of wine more often.’
      • ‘Price includes a glass of mulled wine and a mince pie.’
      • ‘After a fix of chocolate, my energy levels would soon crash and burn and by supper-time I'd be wiped out again and desperate for a glass of wine.’
  • 3A lens, or an optical instrument containing a lens or lenses, in particular a monocle or a magnifying lens.

    ‘This allows you to scrutinize as much of the glass lens elements as possible.’
    • ‘Somewhere outside there was a street lamp, it was caught in the glass, repeated, magnified and diminished, countless times.’
    • ‘Etta was a very austere widow who wore a little glass lens on a chain around her neck and held it up to peer at Norm and I whenever she visited us.’
    • ‘Pinhole photos look relatively sharp but nothing like the quality produced by a fine glass lens.’
    • ‘A similarly shaped boundary for a glass lens in air was deduced by both Descartes and Huygens.’
    • ‘Feeling around inside he spots the glass lens of a video camera and pulls it out.’
    • ‘For shore watching 10 or 12 magnification glasses are better and a telescope on a tripod can be very useful.’
    • ‘An air bubble in water that is shaped like a normal glass lens would have roughly the opposite effect of the glass lens.’
  • 4British A mirror.

    ‘she couldn't wait to put the dress on and look in the glass’
    • ‘When he sat in front of the massive picture window that framed his easel, the glass mirrored his likeness under a mammoth magnolia tree.’
    mirror, looking glass
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1dated A weather glass.
    2. 4.2archaic An hourglass.
      • ‘every hour the ship's glass was turned’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Cover or enclose with glass.

    ‘the inn has a long gallery, now glassed in’
    • ‘This was the entrance to our front porch, which was all glassed in.’
    • ‘It has been glassed in and made into an attractive Visitors' Centre.’
    • ‘Although the arrow slits in the walls are glassed in and electric bulbs take the place of candlelight, as you ascend the narrow, anti-clockwise staircase, the feeling of a different time is strong.’
    • ‘The balcony is glassed in, and features corporate boxes.’
    • ‘An internal fiberglass liner is glassed in place and provides much of the structural support and stiffening for the hull.’
    • ‘The restaurant is glassed in on two sides, having an elevated floor with computers, while on street level there is the dining area.’
    • ‘What was once the street is now the main lobby, which is glassed in so you can see its dome with original moulding and cornices.’
    • ‘The concourses are glassed in and the station waiting area is quite large and also glassy.’
    • ‘Exterior cast-in-place shored walkways surround the theaters and are protected with a cantilevered architectural concrete roof system, shaded and glassed in.’
    • ‘These stations are in the main all glassed in, and spotlessly clean.’
    • ‘The restaurant is now fully air-conditioned, with the front section glassed in.’
    • ‘He followed her down a long hallway to a glassed in boardroom where two men stood waiting.’
    • ‘The carvery is situated in the ‘new’ section of the pub, adjacent to the bar area and has one glassed in section with the roast meats and the bain marie hot boxes for the vegetables and the soup.’
    • ‘There are ancient rock carvings at the foot of a steep flight of steps; they are glassed over, but they prove worryingly hard to discern.’
    • ‘The room is nicely glassed off, so kids can have fun, stay put, and not bother the staid old newspaper readers like me.’
    • ‘Spend as little time at the airport as possible; avoid heavily glassed areas.’
  • 2(especially in hunting) scan (one's surroundings) with binoculars.

    ‘the first day was spent glassing the rolling hills’
    • ‘They stop and pass the binoculars back and forth, glassing the walls.’
    • ‘Opening morning found us perched near the top of some Georgia pines, freezing half to death, overlooking a small field where we had glassed a few good bucks during the summer.’
    • ‘They were so large I thought at first they were bear tracks, and I spent the rest of the day anxiously glassing the cliffs above.’
    • ‘We reached the summit, hunkered below the skyline and began glassing the open swoops and dips of sagebrush terrain.’
  • 3British informal Hit (someone) in the face with a beer glass.

    • ‘he glassed the landlord because he'd been chatting to Jo’
    • ‘He was convicted of glassing a man in 1991, and on Monday received a mandatory, new-style life sentence for a second offence of wounding with intent.’
    • ‘An electrical engineer has escaped a jail sentence for glassing a former friend in the face, but must pay him £750 compensation.’
    • ‘But when she was questioned later, she said she believed they were referring to the Friday night and not the Saturday night when her friend was glassed.’
    • ‘A man who glassed a teenager in the face leaving him scarred for life faces being banned from every licensed premises in Bradford.’
    • ‘A city broker who glassed a colleague in an unprovoked attack has been jailed.’
    • ‘A couple of blokes tried to glass me in the face with a pint tumbler.’
    • ‘A York man was recovering from facial surgery in hospital today after a woman allegedly glassed him during a bar room brawl.’
    • ‘A woman was glassed in the face by a man while she out enjoying a drink with friends, it has been revealed.’
    • ‘At least one man will bear the scars of this season forever; he was glassed in a city pub.’
    • ‘A former public relations worker had to have stitches and specialist eye treatment after he was glassed in the face by a former friend a jury was told.’
    • ‘Paramedics helped save the life of a 17-year-old man who suffered serious head injuries after being glassed in the pub at midnight last night.’
    • ‘A 22-year-old woman alleged she had been glassed in the face on November 29 last year, leaving her with cuts and a broken nose.’
    • ‘A mum left scarred for life after being glassed in the face today praised a judge for sending her attackers to prison.’
    • ‘A consultation document published by the Department of Health said there are more than 5,000 glassing injuries every year.’
    • ‘A further 20 stitches were added last May, when he was allegedly glassed by a man in an up-market Sydney club.’
    • ‘When I realised I had been glassed, my immediate thought was, there's so much blood am I going to die?’
  • 4literary Reflect as if in a mirror.

    • ‘the opposite slopes glassed themselves in the deep dark water’

Phrases

    people who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones
    proverb
    • You shouldn't criticize others when you have similar faults of your own.

      ‘So people who live in glass houses shouldn't throw stones, eh?’
      • ‘The shadow environment secretary said: ‘It's all very well criticising the failure of America to sign up to Kyoto, but people in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.’
      • ‘Yes, it's an extremely derogatory term, and not one I would use myself, unless I'm angry of course, and even then I would feel uneasy (people in glass houses shouldn't throw stones).’
      • ‘One common test of abstraction is to explain what this means: ‘people in glass houses shouldn't throw stones.’’
    the glass is half-full
    • Used to refer to an optimistic outlook on life.

      ‘she remains a person for whom the glass is always half-full’
      • ‘I like to think of myself as a glass half-full kind of guy’
      • ‘I'm curious from the president's point of view whether the glass is half-empty or half-full.’
      • ‘They can choose the glass is half-empty story, the glass is half-full story or they can write a little of both.’
      • ‘They can choose the glass is half-empty story, the glass is half-full story or they can write a little of both.’
      • ‘It all depends on whether you believe the glass is half-full or half-empty.’
      • ‘It's possible to disagree over whether the glass is half-full or half-empty for black Americans.’
      • ‘Optimists may say that the glass is half-full, pessimists that the glass is half-empty.’
      • ‘On the other hand, there is an argument that the glass is half-full.’
      • ‘Optimists may say that the glass is half-full, pessimists that the glass is half-empty.’
      • ‘When people ask if the glass is half-empty or half-full, my answer is: both.’
      • ‘The day is half-over, the week is half-over, the glass is half-full.’
    the glass is half-empty
    • Used to refer to a pessimistic outlook on life.

      • ‘I guess I just see the dark side of things—the glass is always half-empty’

Origin

Old English glæs, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch glas and German Glas.