Meaning of histone in English:


Pronunciation /ˈhɪstəʊn/


  • Any of a group of basic proteins found in chromatin.

    ‘Indeed, chromatin is known to be rich not only in histones but also HMG proteins, which may play a role in this charge shielding.’
    • ‘Both nonhistone proteins and histones form complexes with TP.’
    • ‘People solve this packing problem by tightly wrapping their DNA around proteins called histones.’
    • ‘This small protein replaces histones and binds DNA in the process of spermatogenesis.’
    • ‘One trick is to tightly wind the DNA around complexes of proteins called histones, much as thread is coiled around a spool.’


Late 19th century coined in German, perhaps from Greek histanai ‘arrest’ or from histos ‘web, tissue’.